THE SHIITE
APOLOGETICS


Author: Sayyid Reza Husayni Jassab
Translated by: Sayyid Iraj Razzaghi, Dr. Sayyid Muhammad Reza
Hashemi Gholam Hasan Khavari
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition 1385 -1428 - 2007
Sadr Press
Number of Pages: 200
Quantity: 2000
Size: 143 x 205 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-866-8
ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net
www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org


 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Prologue 15

Question One
Which One Is Correct, “My ITRAH”, or “My SUNNAH”?

18
  Chain of narrators of the hadith containing “wa Ahla Bayti”
The text containing “wa sunnati.”
Comments of the experts of `ilm al-rijal concerning these two narrators
The Second Evidence for ‘wa sunnati”
The Third Document for “Wa sunnati”
Uncited Quotation
Implications of Thaqalayn Hadith
18
20
20
22
23
24
26
   

Question Two
What is meant by “Shi`ah”?

27
   

Question Three
Why is `Ali (a.s), the son of Abu-Talib, the Prophet’s Successor?

29
   

Question Four
Who are the Imams?

32
   

Question Five
Why do Shiites include the descendants of Muhammad when blessing him, SAYING, “O Lord, bless Muhammad and his descendents”?

34
   

Question Six
Why do Shiites consider the Imams ‘Ma`sum,’ infallible?

36
   

Question Seven
Why do you bear witness to `Ali’s guardianship (Wilayah) in the call to prayer (the Adhan), saying “I testify that `Ali is Allah’s Wali?

38
   

Question Eight
Who is Mahdi and why do Shiites expect his return?

41
   

Question Nine
If SHIITES are right, then why are they in the minority, and why have most other Muslims not recognized this religious sect?

44
   

Question Ten
What does Raj`ah mean and why do Shiites believe in it?

47
  1) Philosophy of Raj`ah
2) Raj`ah vs. Transmigration
49
50
   

Question Eleven
What does intercession mean and why do Shiites believe in it?

51
  Limitations
The Philosophy of Intercession
Results of Intercession
51
52
52
   

Question Twelve
Is it not “Shirk” (polytheism) to ask the real interceders to intercede?

53
  Discussion 53
   

Question Thirteen
Does asking for help from others than God connote polytheism?

57
   

Question Fourteen
Does calling on others (Du`a') necessarily mean worshipping them (`Ibadah) and is it therefore a kind of polytheism?

59
  Conclusion 61
   

Question Fifteen
What is Bada' and why do Shiites believe in it?

63
  Conclusion
The Philosophy of Bada’
64
65
   

Question Sixteen
Do the SHIITES Believe That the Qur’an Has Been Distorted?

66
  Conclusion 72
   

Question Seventeen
How do Shiites regard the Companions?

75
  The Qur’an and the Companions
1. The Vanguard
2. Those Who Swore Allegiance under the tree
3. The Muhajirun (the Immigrants)
4. Companions in the Conquest (of Mecca)
1) The Undisguised Hypocrites
2) The Disguised Hypocrites
3. The Diseased-hearted
4) The Wrongdoers
Conclusion
77
77
77
77
77
78
78
78
78
80
   

Question Eighteen
What is meant by mut`ah and why is it allowed by Shiism?

81
   

Question Nineteen
Why do Shiites prostrate on Turbah?

89
  Conclusion 95
   

Question Twenty
Why do the Shiites kiss the doors and the walls of the shrines and seek blessings thereof?

97
   

Question Twenty-one
Does Islam not consider religion and politics separate?

101
  The Prophet, the founder of the Islamic Government 102
   

Question Twenty-Two
Why Do the Shiites say that Imam `Ali’s sons, Hasan and Husayn Are the Prophet’s sons?

107
   

Question Twenty–Three
Why do the Shiites consider that the successorship to the Prophet is decided by God’s command and introduced by the Prophet himself?

111
  Social Considerations Prove the Need for the Divine Nomination
Further Explanations
Textual Evidence on the Prophet’s Clear Expression
111
112
114
   

Question Twenty-Four
Does swearing by other than God imply polytheism?

116
  Conclusion 119
   

Question Twenty-Five
Does Resorting to Saints Imply Associating Others with God and Is it A Source of Innovation?

120
  Forms of Tawassul
1. Our Worthy Deeds
2. Resorting to Honorable People’s Prayers
3. Persons Highly Honored by God
121
121
121
121
   

Question Twenty-Six
Isn't commemorating the birthday of the saints an innovation in religion and polytheism?

125
  1. Celebration: a Sign of Love
2. Celebration: Paying Homage to the Prophet
3. Holding Ceremonies Is Obeying God.
4. Divine Revelation Is Not Inferior to the Heavenly Food
5. Muslim's Life Style
125
125
126
126
127
   

Question Twenty-Seven
Why Do Shiites Perform Ritual Prayers Three Times a Day Instead of Five?

128
  Conclusion
A: The Shiites’ Viewpoint
B: Others’ Point of View
The Narrations
Conclusion
Successive Performance of Prayers at Arafah
Prayers Performed on a Trip, Another Example
Successive Performance of Prayers in Time of Emergency: An Example showing one's Choice
The Companions of the Prophets’ Behavior
The Prophet’s Manner, an indication of performing the prayers successively
130
130
132
132
139
140
141
141
142
142
   

Question Twenty-Eight
What Are The Sources for the Shiite Jurisprudence?

144
  The Book of Allah (The Qur’an)
The Prophet’s Sunnah
Nature of the words of the Prophet’s itrah
Reasons for the authenticity of Ahl al-Bayt and the necessity to follow them
Who are itrah of the Prophet (a.s)?
Conclusion
144
145
147
148
150
153
   

Question Twenty-Nine
Why do you pay visits to Abu-Talib’s grave, and did he die a Muslim?

154
  The Family
Abu-Talib from the view point of `Abd al-Muttalib
Evidence in Support of Abu-Talib’s Faith
His Poems
Abu-Talib’s Behavior towards the Prophet: a Sign of His Faith
3. Abu-Talib’s Last Testament: a Clear Proof to His Faith
4. The Prophet’s Admiration: Evidence to Abu-Talib’s Faith
5. The Prophet’s Companions’ Testimony
6. Abu-Talib from the Point of View of the Prophet’s Household
Unauthenticity of the Chain of Narrators of Zohzah Narration
Sufyan ibn Sa`id Thawri
`Abd al-Malik Ibn `Umayr
`Abd al-`Aziz Ibn Muhammad Darawardi
Layth Ibn Sa`d
The Text of Zohzah Hadith is Incompatible with Book and Sunnah
The Quran:
The Prophet’s Sunnah
Conclusion
154
155
157
157
159
161
161
162
163
166
166
166
167
167
168
169
169
169
   

Question Thirty
Do the Shiites believe that Angel Gabriel acted treacherously in Fulfilling his mission, delivering the Divine Message to the Prophet Instead of delivering it to `Ali ibn Abi-Talib?

170
  The Origin of the Accusation
Prophethood as viewed by Shiites
170
171
   

Question Thirty-one
What Criterion Is There for Dissimulation?

174
  Dissimulation as Viewed by the Qur’an
Dissimulation as the Shiites View it
Conclusion
174
175
176
   

Question Thirty-Two
Why is the Ja`fari faith considered the official religion in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran?

177
  The Criterion for Choosing the Ja`fari Faith
The Status of Other Islamic Faiths
178
178
   

Question Thirty–three
Do the Shiites consider witr prayer a religious duty?

180
   

Question Thirty-four
Is Belief in the Invisible Power of God's Saints A Source of Polytheism?

181
  The Saints’ Hidden Authority as Viewed in the Qur'an
a) Prophet Moses’ Hidden Power
b) Jesus Christ’s Hidden Authority
c) Prophet Solomon’s Hidden Power
182
183
183
183
   

Question Thirty-Five
Why is Imamate Considered Higher in Rank than Prophethood?

185
  1) The Rank of Prophethood
2) The Divine Mission
3) The Status of Imamate
Superiority of the Position of Imamate
Is Concomitancy of Prophethood and Imamate a Necessity?
185
186
186
189
190
   

Question Thirty-six
What Criterion Distinguishes Monotheism from Polytheism?

192
  1) Unity of the Divine Essence
2) Divine Oneness in Creation
3) Oneness in Regulating the Affairs
4) Oneness in Sovereignty
5) Monotheism in Obedience
6) Oneness in Legislation
7) Unity in Worship
Worship, Misinterpreted
A Strange Alibi
Solution: What Worship Means
192
193
194
194
195
195
195
196
197
197