The Ahl Ul-Bayt ;
Ethical Role-Models

By: Sayyid Mahdi as-Sadr
Translated by: Badr Shahin

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بسم اللـه الرحمن الرحيم
In The Name fo ALLAH the Compassionate, the Merciful

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION

SECTION ONE GENERAL ETHICS

MORAL CONDUCT

ILL-TEMPER

    Morals between Rectitude and Deviation

    Treatment of Ill-Temper

TRUTH

    Achievements of Truth

    Parts of Truth

UNTRUTH

    Disadvantages of Untruth

    Reasons of Untruth

    Sorts of Untruth

        First: False Swearing

        Second: Perjury

            Damages of False Swearing and Perjury

        Third: Breach of Promise

        Fourth: Mocking Untruth

    Treatment of Untruth

    Justifications of Untruth

CLEMENCY AND SUPPRESSION OF ANGER

ANGER

    Incentives of Anger:

    Damages of Anger

    Anger between Praise and Censure

    Treatment of Anger:

MODESTY

ARROGANCE

    Disadvantages of Arrogance

    Incentives of Arrogance

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    Levels of Arrogance

    Sorts of Arrogance

    Treatment of Arrogance

SATISFACTION

    Advantages of Satisfaction

GREED

    Disadvantages of Greed

    Treatment of Greed

GENEROSITY

    Advantages of Generosity

    Fields of Generosity

    Incentives of Generosity

ALTRUISM

STINGINESS

    Disadvantages of Stinginess

    Forms of Stinginess

    Treatment of Stinginess:

CHASTITY

    Reality of Chastity

    The Sought Moderation

    Advantages of Chastity

GLUTTONY

    Disadvantages of Gluttony

    Treatment of Gluttony

FAITHFULNESS AND BREACH

    Advantages of Faithfulness and Disadvantages of Breach

    Forms of Breach

FRATERNITY

    Spiritual Fraternity

SECTARIANISM

    Reality of Sectarianism

    Calamities of Sectarianism

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JUSTICE

    Forms of Justice

        (1) Man’s justice towards God:

        (2) Man’s justice towards the society:

        (3) Justice towards the dead:

        (4) Justice of the rulers:

        Advantages of Justice

INJUSTICE

    Forms of Injustice

        (1) Self-Wronging

        (2) Injustice towards the Family

        (3) Injustice towards the Relatives

        (4) Injustice towards the Society

        (5) Injustice of the Rulers

        Bad Consequences of Injustice

        Treatment of Injustice

SINCERITY

    Virtue of Sincerity

    Obstacles of Sincerity

    How to Obtain Sincerity?

SHOWINESS

    Categories of Showiness

        1. Showiness of the Belief :

        2. Showiness of Acts of Worship

        3. Practical Showiness

        4. Verbal Showiness

    Incentives of Showiness

    Some Facts

    Disadvantages of Showiness

    Treatment of Showiness

        Practical Treatment of Showiness:

CONCEIT

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    Disadvantages of Conceit

    Treatment of Conceit

CONVICTION

    Qualities of People of Conviction

    Ranks of Faith

    Categories of Faith

        1. Natural Faith:

        Transient Faith:

        Acquisitive Faith

PATIENCE

    Categories of Patience

        Steadfastness against Misfortunes and Calamities

        Standing the Obedience and Perseverance against the Disobedience to God

        Patience of the Graces

    Advantages of Patience

    How to Acquire Patience?

GRATITUDE

    Categories of Gratitude

    Virtue of Gratitude

    How to Acquire Thankfulness?

TRUST IN GOD

    Reality of Trust in God

    Ranks of Trust in God

    Advantages of Trust in God

    How to Acquire Trust in God?

FEAR OF GOD

    Fear between Ebb and Flow

    Advantages of Fear

    How to Feel Fearful?

    Stories of the Fearful

HOPE FOR GOD

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    Warning against Despair

    Vastness of God’s Mercy and Pardon

    Favorable Judgment about God

    Intercession of the Prophet and the Imams for their Adherents

    Calamities and Diseases Cancel the Believers’ Sins

    Reality of Hope

    Purpose of Hope and Fear

DECEPTION

    Forms of Deception

        Worldly Deception

           The Everlasting Law

            Disadvantages of the Worldly Deception

            Treatment of the Worldly Deception

        Deception of Knowledge

        Deception of Authority

            Authority between Praise and Censure

        Deception of Wealth

            Wealth between Praise and Censure

        Deception of Lineage

ENVY

    Incentive of Envy

        (1) Malignity:

        (2) Enmity

        (3) Competition

        (4) Selfishness

        (5) Contempt

    Disadvantages of Envy

    Treatment of Envy

BACKBITING

    Disregard of Backbiting

    Incentives of Backbiting

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    Disadvantages of Backbiting

    Reasonable Grounds of Backbiting

    Treatment of Backbiting

    Penance of Backbiting

    SLANDER

TALEBEARING

    Incentives of Talebearing

    Disadvantages of Talebearing

    How to Deal with the Talebearer?

    CALUMNY

OBSCENITY, REVILEMENT, AND DEFAMATION

    Disadvantages of Obscenity

SARCASM

GOOD WORDING

INCONVENIENCES OF SINS

REPENTANCE

    Reality of Repentance

    Merits of Repentance

    Obligation and Immediateness of Repentance

    Repetition of Repentance

    Courses of Repentance

    Acceptance of Repentance

SELF-JUDGMENT AND SELF-CONTROL

    Constitution of Self-Judgment

    Seizure of Life’s Opportunity

RIGHTEOUS DEED

OBEDIENCE AND GOD-FEARING

    Reality of Obedience and God-Fearing

PERSEVERANCE ON PRINCIPLES

SECTION TWO RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS

PREFACE

THE DIVINE RIGHTS

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    1. Worship

    2. Obedience

    3. Thankfulness

    4. Trust in God

RIGHTS OF THE PROPHET

    1. Obedience to the Prophet:

    2. Love for the Prophet

    3. Blessing the Prophet

    4. The Love for the Ahl ul-Bayt

RIGHTS OF THE IMAMS

    1. Recognition of the Imams

    2. Loyalty to the Imams

    3. Obedience to the Imams

    4. Fulfillment of the Khums

    5. Kind Treatment to the Prophet’s Descendants

    6. Praising and Publicizing the Imams’ Merits

    7. Pilgrimage to the Imams’ Shrine

RIGHTS OF SCHOLARS

    Merits of Knowledge and Scholars

    1. Regard of Scholars

    2. Charity to Scholars

    3. Compliance with Scholars

RIGHTS OF TEACHERS AND STUDENTS

    Rights of Students

RIGHTS OF PARENTS AND SONS

    Rights of Parents

    Filial Piety

    Filial Impiety

    Disadvantages of Filial Impiety

    Rights of Sons

    Wisdom of Discipline

    The Child’s First School

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    Course of Education

MATRIMONIAL RIGHTS

    Merits of Marriage

        1. Advantages of Marriage

        2. Benefits of Marriage

        3. Results of Marriage

    Marital Happiness

    The Ideal Husband

    The Ideal Wife

    Observance of Rights

    Rights of Husbands

        1. Obedience to Husbands

        2. Compliance with Husbands

        3. Observance of Husbands’ honor

    Rights of Wives

        1. Disbursement

        2. Good Companionship

        3. Protection

    False Rights

        Removal of the Veil

            Moral Defects

            Physical Defects

            Social Defects

    Woman in Islam

        Woman in the Ancient Ages

        Woman in the Pre-Islamic Arab Society

        Woman in the Modern Western Civilization

        Woman’s Liberation in Islam

        Equality of the sexes

        Distinction Between the Sexes

            1. Maintenance

            2. Man’s Preference to Woman in Inheritance

           

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3. Testimony

            4. Polygamy

            Justifications of Polygamy

    Divorce in Islam

RIGHTS OF THE RELATIVES

    Merits of the Relatives

    Regard of Relatives

    Disregard of the Relatives

RIGHTS OF FRIENDS

    Merits of Friends

    Reality of Friendship

    Friends’ Selection

    The Ideal Friend

    Standards of Love

    Friendship between Ebb and Flow

    Rights of Friends

        1. Material Care

        2. Moral Care

        3. Excusation

    Moderation with Friends

RIGHTS OF NEIGHBORHOOD

    Cooperation and Mutual sympathy

    Rights of Neighbors

RIGHTS OF THE ISLAMIC SOCIETY

    Merits of the Islamic Society

    Rights of the Islamic Society

        1. Right of Life

        2. Right of Dignity

        3. Right of Freedom

            A. Freedom of Religion

            B. Civil Freedom

            C. Freedom of Propagation of Islam

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        4. Right of Equality

            Equality in Islam

        5. Right of Knowledge

        6. Right of Ownership

        7. Right of Islamic Interests

            A. Feeding and Watering the Believer

            B. Clothing the Believer

            C. Settling the Believer’s Need

            D. Gladdening the Believer

            E. Visiting the Believer

OBLIGATIONS OF THE RULERS

    Rights of Subjects against Rulers

        (A) Justice:

        (B) Righteousness

        (C) Lenience

            Aspects of Lenience

            Results of Lenience

        (D) Selection of the Retinue

        (E) Settlement with the Officials

        (F) Achievement of Social Happiness

    Rulers’ Rights against Subjects

        (1) Obedience:

        (2) Support

        (3) Advice

PHYSICAL AND MENTAL NECESSITIES

    Physical Rights

    Mental Rights

        (1) Self-education

        (2) Well Intention

        (3) Self-control

        4. Self-Judgment

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