5

GREATER SINS

Shaheede Mehraab Ayatollahul-Uzma Dastaghaib

Author: Al-Haaj Sayed Abdul Husain Dastghaib Shirazi (r.a.)
Translated By: Sayed Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi
First Edition: 1425 - 1383 - 2004
Neqeen Press
Copies: 2000
No. of pages: 824
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-606-X
ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

 Ansariyan Publications
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22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
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CONTENTS

DEDICATION
PREFACE
TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE
A SHORT BIOGRAPHY OF AYATULLAH DASTAGHAIB
TAQWA
The Reality of Taqwa
Sin Obliterates the Good Deeds
The Importance of Abstaining From the Prohibited
First Tradition
Second Tradition
Third Tradition
Fourth Tradition
Fifth Tradition
Ill-Gotten Wealth Burns Down The Acts of Worship
Sixth Tradition
Not Giving the Rights of the People - A Barrier for the Acceptance of Good Deeds
Seventh Tradition
Eighth Tradition
Good Deeds are Accepted Only if Accompanied by Piety (Abstinence From the Prohibited Things)
Ninth Tradition
Sin is a Barrier to the Acceptance of Invocation (Dua)
Tenth Tradition
Refraining From Sins is Genuine Worship
Eleventh Tradition
Avoidance of Sins is a Must:
Good Actions Could Be Blown Away Like Dust
A Large Number of Pious People Will Enter Paradise
GREATER SINS AND SMALLER SINS
6

Abstaining From the Greater Sins Cause the Lesser Sins to be Overlooked
The Gates of Paradise are Open for the Pious
Intercession
Intercession Should not Prompt one to Commit Sins
Suicide in the Hope of Salvation
Death is of Three Types
I am Concerned About You Regarding Barzakh
Tears of Blood
No Intercession for Those Who Regard Namaz Unimportant
Excessive Sins Destroy the Faith (Belief)
Sins Blacken the Heart
The Blackened Heart is Immune to Advice and Counsel
To Be Fearful of the Past Sins
Intercession Should Neither Raise False Hope, Nor be a Cause to be Arrogant
The Fear and Dread of Sins is Still Necessary
The Shias of Ahlul Bayt (A.S.)
Shia and Mohib
The True Shias are Those Who Follow (Obey) the Imams (A.S.)
Conversation of Ali (A.S.) With Some Shias
Mere Claim is not Sufficient
Wilayat
The Meaning of Wilayat
Wilayat of Ali (A.S.) is a Strong Fort of Allah
Verbal Claim Unaccompanied by Actions is Insufficient
Success is Through Actions Alone
Types of Taqwa According to Allama Majlis
Love
Love Makes a Man Steadfast
The Testimony of Jabir Ibne Abdullah Ansari (r.a.)
7

The Angls Seek Forgiveness for the Partisans of Ali (A.S.)
Devotion for Ali (A.S.) Consumes Our Sins
Difficulties and Calamities Nullify the Sins
The Rewards are Proportionate to the Intensity of Love
Evil Desires are a Barrier to Devotion
A Persian Saying
Do Not Use the Bounties for Committing Sins
The Gloom of Sins and the Glow of Repentance
Greater Sin and Lesser Sin
What is a Greater Sin?
First Tradition
Second Tradition
Third Tradition
Fourth Tradition
A Difficult Problem and its Solution
Reply to the First Objection
To Persist in Lesser Sins is Equivalent to Committing a Greater Sin
Deprived of Divine Rewards (Sawaab)
It is Necessary to Refer to the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.)
How the Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) are the People of Remembrance (Ahle Zikr)
Reply to the Second Objection
Some of the Greater Sins are Included in Others


1. POLYTHEISM
Shirk (Polytheism - To associate anyone or anything with Allah)
Tawheed in the Essence of Allah
Christians Are Polytheists Too
Idol Worship is Polytheism
Tawheed in the Attributes of Allah
All the good qualities of the creatures are from the Creator (Allah)
Praising Ourselves Unknowingly
The Pious Ones Dread Praise
8

There is no Partner in the Divine Attributes
Explanations
A Saying of the Holy Prophet (saws)
Qaroon Became a Polythiest
Tawheed and Shirk in Acts of Allah
Myriad Colours From Colourless Water
Who Splits the Ovum and the Seed?
In Three Darknesses
Nutritious Milk From Dirty Blood
Bestows Sustenance - Accepts Deeds
Allah is the Cause of Every Phenomenon
No Limit to the Splendour of Allah's Might
Human Strength
Human Strength is Limited by Divine Will
Fear of Allah
Reliance Upon Allah
Thankfulness to the Provider of Bounties
Thankfulness for Capability (or Means) is also Necessary
Hidden Shirk in the Praise of the Creature
Hazrat Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) and the Thankful Beggar
Tawheed and Tawakkul (Reliance)
Tawheed and Acceptance (Taslim)
Tawheed and Love
Tawheed and Shirk in Obedience
Authorities Whose Obedience is Commanded by Allah
Who are the "Ulil Amr"?
Love of Ali (A.S.) Commanded by Allah, and Muawiya's Stance
The Term 'Ulil Amr' is not Restricted to a Particular Group
Are the Religious Scholars Ulil Amr?
The Twelve Imams are Ulil Amr
9

What the Holy Prophet (saws) Says Regarding Ulil Amr
Obedience of the Just Mujtahid
The Faqih Who Deserves to be Followed
Obeying Parents is Obeying Allah
Parents Cannot Restrain From Obligatory Acts Nor Can They Compel You to Commit the Prohibited
Further Details Regarding Obedience to Parents
Obedience of the Husband is Wajib Upon the Wife
Dignity in the Marital Affairs
Non-Essential Expenses Should Have the Prior Sanction of the Husband
Referring to the Unjust Ruler is Not Allowed
The Religious Scholar Who Does Not Practise Piety is Not to Be Followed
Religious Leaders Who Worship the World are Bandits on the Highway to Allah
A Faqih Should Only be For Allah
The Common People are 'Deficient'
Tawheed and Shirk in Worship
The Lord of the Worlds and the Lowly Man
Purity of Intention
One Who "Shows-Off" is a Mushrik
Outward Piety (Riyah) is the Lesser Shirk
The Deceitful Person Deceives Himself Alone
The Fire of Hell Weeps Due to the Deceitful Ones (Riyakaar)
Sometimes Worship Leads the Worshipper to the Fire (Of Hell)
The Merits of Pure Intentions and the Censure of Riyah
True Deeds are Surely Manifested
Outward Piety and the Legal Point of View
Riyah in the Acts of Worship
1) Bodily Riyah
2) Riyah of Beauty and Dress
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3) Riyah of Speech
4) Riyah of Actions
5) Riyah of the External Kind
Riyah is Associated With Intention

2. DESPAIR
Despair
The Greatest Sin After 'Shirk'
Cause is Not Independent
First Example
Fire Did Not Burn - Knife Did Not Cut
Second Example
Musa (A.S.) and Firon
Third Example
The Attack of Abraha on the Ka'ba
Fourth Example
The Holy Prophet (saws) and How His Life was Saved
Fifth Example
He Creates Without an Apparent Cause
The Holy Prophet (saws) And His Knowledge
Invocations are Answered Without the Presence of Apparent Means
Love of Ali (A.S.)
The Destiny of Man
Balam Baoor and his Eternal Damnation
A Warning
Beauty of the Hereafter
The Magicians of Firon
Asiya was a Believing Woman
People of the Cave
Realisation Before Death
Immediate Death on Embracing Islam
Eternal Bliss
Wise People Never Lose Hope
11

Hopelessness is a Great Sin
Hopelessness is a Sign of Disbelief and Lack of Knowledge
Hope is Embedded in Human Psychology
The Cure of Hopelessness
1 Power of Allah
2 Personal Experiences
3Outward Examples
Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S.) and His Male Child
Hazrat Zakaria (A.S.) and his Son Yahya (A.S.)
Hazrat Ayyub (A.S.) and Tribulations
Hidden Wisdom in Poverty and Destitution
Wealth in the Empty Hands
Cure for Hopelessness in Difficult Times
A Reminder
Every Sin is Pardonable
Unlimited Grace
Hopelessness is Haraam
Repentance of the Killer of a Prophet is also Acceptable
Despair in the Acceptance of Prayers is Also Improper
Prayers May Not Be Accepted Due to Sins
Delay in the Acceptance of Prayers Causes Nearness to Allah

3. DESPONDENCE
Hopelessness in Dua is Yaas
Skepticism Invites Punishment
Hope For Forgiveness and the Acceptance of Dua
Hopelessness in the Affairs of This World and the Hereafter
Qunut is Worse Than Yaas

4. DISREGARD OF ALLAH'S PUNISHMENT
Heedlessness to Allah's Anger and Retribution
'Imla'- Respite
Respite for the Wrong Doers
12

Istedraaj (Drawing Near)
Istedraaj denotes failure to repent
Fearlessness of Allah's Plan
Fear and Hope Are the Signs of Marefat
Speech and Action Should Be Guarded By Divine Fear and Hope
One Must Fear the Acceptance of His Prayers
Separation is the Most Painful Experience
How Should We Remain Till the End of our Lives
Everyone Shall Be Tested
Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S.) and the Fire
Successful When Tested
Tawfeeq is From Allah
Wise People Fear Allah
The Prophet's (sa) Conversation With Umme Salma
The Prophets (A.S.) and the Imams (A.S.) Were the Most Fearful
A Believer Lives Between Fear and Hope
Hope Should Not Cause Arrogance
Action of Man Depicts Hope and Fear
A Lesson
Between Two Fears
One Must Strive for the Hereafter
Claim Must Be Substantiated By Action
Fear Allah As If You Can See Him
The Perfect Example
The Personality of Ali (A.S.) is a Model For Us
An Excerpt From the Will of Ali (A.S.)
We Shall Follow Ali (A.S.)
Warning of the Leader
The Chief of the Caravan is Terror-Stricken
Insulting a Believer Expels One From Wilayat

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5. MURDER
Permanent Chastisement is Exclusively For unbelievers
The Life and Property of a Muslim are Protected
One Murder is Equal to the Killing the Whole of Humanity
Suicide is Murder
Enlivening the People
A Murderer Does Not Die a Muslim
One Who Instigates a Murder is the Actual Killer
Abortion is Haraam
To Abort a Foetus Intentionally is Haraam
Repenting For Murder
Accidental and Intended Murder

6. DISOBEDIENCE TO PARENTS
Those Who Are Disobedient to Their Parents
Tradition Regarding Aaq-e-Waledain
Aaq-e-Waledain is Not Eligible For Divine Forgiveness
Prayer is Not Accepted
A Young man is interceeded by the Holy Prophet (saw)
What is Aaq-e-Waledain?
Benevolence to Parents is Wajib
Service to Parents is Better Than Jehad
Goodness to Parents is the Expiation of Sins
Satisfaction of Parents is Satisfaction of Allah
Angels Pray for Those Who do Good to Their Parents
The Material Effects of Aaq
Aaq-e-Waledain Cause Poverty and Misfortune
Evil Consequences of Aaq-e-Waledain
Prayers of the Parents Are Accepted Soon
The Mother Has More Rights Than the Father
14

Rights of the Parents
A Young Man and His Invalid Mother
Be Good to Parents Even if They Are Kafirs
Dua For Sunni Parents
Momin and Kafir Are Equal Under Three Circumstances
Advice of Imam as-Sadiq (A.S.) to Zakaria Ibne Ibrahim
Rights of Parents After Their Death
The Disobedient Children After the Death of Their Parents
Single Action, Multiple Rewards
Praying (Dua) For the Parents and Seeking Forgiveness On Their Belief
When is Obedience to the Parents Wajib?
Disagreement among the Parents
Permission of the Parents is Necessary
Journey of the Child and the Martyr's viewpoint
Refraining From Namaz-e-Jamat
Respect For Parents
Rights of the Children Upon Their Parents
Maintenance of Children
Arranging the Marriage
Religious Education and Training
Love and Affection For the Children
Kissing the Children
Daughters Are More Deserving of Kindness
Spiritual Fathers Are More Qualified For Kindness
High Rewards and More Punishment
The Uqooq of Spiritual Fathers

7. BREAKING UP RELATIONS
Breaking up relations
The Denouncement of "Cutting Off Kinship Ties" in the Traditions
15

The Worst Deed in the Eyes of Allah
Goodness in Return of Ill-Treatment
Life is Shortened
Death Due to Qat-e-Rahmi
Bereft of Divine Mercy
Kindness to Relatives is Obligatory
Kindness to Relatives is Commanded in the Same Way as Namaz and Zakat
Rights of the Relatives and the Ease in Reckoning
The Inimical Relative of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.)
Traditions Regarding Kindness to Relatives
One Who is Kind to the Relatives Will be Able to Cross the Bridge of Siraat Smoothly
The Worldly Benefits of Kindness to Relatives
'Sileh Rahmi' Prolongs Life
The Benefits of Sileh Rahmi in the Hereafter
Sileh Rahmi Causes All the Good Deeds to be Accepted
Extending Hand of Friendship Towards Those Who Want to Break the Ties (Qat-e-Rahem)
The Reward of Sileh Rahmi
The Meaning of Sileh Rahmi and Qat-e-Rahmi
No Discrimination Between the Affluent and the Poor Relatives
What is Sileh Rahmi?
The Different Grades of Sileh Rahmi
The Difference Between Breaking Relations With Nearest Kin and With Distant Relatives
Arrogance Towards Poor Relatives is Qat-e-Rahmi
What is the Least Amount of Sileh Rahmi That is Wajib
Sileh Rahmi With Certain Relatives is Mustahab if Not Wajib
Breaking Ties Even With Those Who Wish to Break Up Ties With us is Haraam
The Order of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) Regarding Qat-e-Rahmi
16

Goodness in Return of Ill-Treatment
Breaking of Ties With the Muslim and the Kafir Relatives
Dawood Raqqi the Companion of the Sixth Imam (A.S.)
The Behaviour of Imam as-Sadiq (A.S.) Towards His Inimical Relatives
Conversation of Imam as-Sadiq (A.S.) With Abdullah Hasani
The Grief of Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) on the Oppression upon the Descendants of Imam Hasan (A.S.)
It Does Not Matter if We Are Kind to Certain Relatives Who Are Not Muslim
Sileh Rahmi to Kafir Relatives Should Not Encourage Them in Their Disbelief
Dissociating With the Enemies of Islam
Sileh Rahmi is Wajib if the Relative is not Overtly Inimical
Sileh Rahmi is Wajib Even if One Has to Travel Far to Perform it
Maintain Cordial Relations But Do Not Reside Close to Each Other
Sileh Rahmi With the Spiritual Father
The Advent of the Holy Prophet (saws) - A Fabulous Blessing
The Wilayat of Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) and the Worldly Comforts and Blessings
Who Are the Spiritual Fathers?
Rights of Sadaat
Does Anyone Have a Right Upon the Holy Prophet (saws)?
Goodness to Sadaat and Paradise
Rights of the Brothers in Faith
Sileh Rahmi with the Imam (A.S.)

8.USURPING THE PROPERTY OF THE ORPHANS
Punishment for Usurping the Orphan's Property is Meted Out in This World
This is not Against Divine Justice
Tradition that Denounces the Usurpation of Orphan's Property
The Death of a Creditor and His Minor Children
17

Severe Pain in the Eyes of Amirul Momineen (A.S.)
A Frightening Tradition
Kindness Towards Orphans
Guardian of Minor Children
The Affairs of the Orphans Should be Conducted With Care
The Wealthy Guardian of the Orphans
The Impoverished Guardian of the the Orphans
The Property of the Orphan Must Be Guarded Till He Attains Maturity
Signs of Puberty
What is the Meaning of Rasheed?

9. USURY
Usury is Against Intellect and Shariat
Is Trading and Usury One and the Same?
Interest and Inequality of Classes in Society
Interest for Goodly Loans
The One Who Indulges in Usury is Deprived of Goodness
The Usurer Does Not Place Trust in Allah
The Reward of Giving a Loan is More than that of Sadaqah
The Fate of the Usurer
No Barakat in Interest
War With Allah and the Holy Prophet (saws)
Traditions Denouncing Interest
Interest is Denounced in the Holy Quran
The Sinner is Deprived of Religious Faith
The Belly of the Usurer Shall Be Filled With Fire
Punishment of Usurers in the Barzakh
Usurers Under the Feet of Firon
Usury is Worse Than Adultery
Loan On Interest
18

Some Important Points
Transaction Involving Interest
Three Important Points
When taking interest is permitted

10. FORNICATION
The meaning of asaam (sin) and ghayyi (sexual desires)
An Evil Way to Fulfill the Sexual Urge
The Evil Effects of Adultery in this World and the Hereafter
Fornicator in the Barzakh
Fornicator on the Day of Judgement
The stench of the Fornicator will be a nuisance for the people on the Day of Judgement
Unknown progeny
Fornication With Pure Women
Islam Views the Problem from Every Angle
Reasonable Precautions
1. The Order for Hijab in the Quran
2. Looking at the Namehram
The Poisonous Arrow of Satan
Fornication of Organs
In the Chains of Fire with Iblees
Alone in the Company of Namehram
When Adultery is Proved According to Shariat
Two Important Points

11. SODOMY
Sodomy is Kufr (disbelief)
Punishment Upon the People of Lut (A.S.)
The Slave Who Killed His Master
A Homosexual Shall be Counted Among the People of Lut (A.S.)
Sodomy is an Indecency
A Lustful Glance on a Young Boy
19

The Sensual Kiss and the Rein of Hell
Sleeping Together of Two People of the Same Sex
The Punishment of Sodomy
Why is Sodomy Punishable With Death?
Fire Did Not Burn the Repentant !
Remarkable Points
The Mother, Sister and Daughter of the Sodomist

12. QAZF (To accuse a chaste man or woman of adultery or homosexuality)
Organs of the Inhabitant of Hell
Penalty for Qazf - Rejection of Testimony and its Invalidation
Those Who Commits Qazf are not Believers
Penalty for Qazf
Expiation of the Sin on the Day of Judgement
Repenting for Qazf
Qazf and the Responsibility of Other Muslims
If Conditions for Qazf are Absent
The Association of the Kuffar With Adultery
Abusive Language is Haraam
Traditions that Denounce Abusive Language
Replying to the Abuse
If No Excess is Committed
Silence is better
One Who Utters Abuses Will Himself be Humiliated

13. DRINKING LIQUOR
Effect of Liquor on the Brain
Effect of Liquor on the Limbs
Effect of Alcohol on the Stomach
Effect of Alcohol on the Liver
Effect of Alcohol on the Blood Circulation
20

Effect of Alcohol on the Respiratory Organs
Effect of Alcohol on Kidneys
Effect of Alcohol on the Heart
Effect of Alcohol on Mental Faculties
Effect of Alcohol on the Offsprings
Excessive drinking causes sterility
Alcoholism According to the Traditions of Ahlul Bayt (A.S.)
Liquor is the root of all evils
Liquor is Absolutely Haraam
Intoxicant Liquids
Giving Liquor to Children
Liquor at the Dinner Table
Wine and Medicine
Three Exceptions
Wine Contains No Cure
Drunkard on the Death-bed
Punishment for Drinking Liquor
Aloofness from the Drunkard
Do not Give your Daughter in Marriage to a Drunkard
Boycott of the Drunkard
Jehad Against Intoxicants

14. GAMBLING
What do 'Maesir' and 'Azlam' Denote?
Gambling and Wine Cause Avarice and Enmity
Gambling Causes Voluptuousness and Sensuality
Forgetting Allah
Objects of Gambling and Laying of Bets
Playing Games of Chance Without Betting
Betting With Articles Not Normally Used For Gambling
Horse racing and Archery
21

Game Without Wager

15. MUSIC
Music - According to the Traditions
Music Causes Shamelessness and Hypocrisy
Musician and the Song
Divine Bounties (Barakat) are Removed
The Blackened Face of the Musician
A House Where Music is Played for Forty Days
Music and the Last Period of Time
Effects of Music on the Nervous System

16. SINGING
What is Singing?
About Singing
1 Singing is a Greater Sin
2 "Frivolous discourse" implies Singing
3 The exegesis (Tafseer) of the term "False Words"
4 "False words" denote singing
5 Singing and hypocrisy
6 Singing programme
7 Singing causes poverty
8: Punishment for Singing
Deprived of Divine Mercy
Being a fan of a singer
Melodious sounds of Paradise
Beautiful songs in Heaven
Strict prohibition
Singing and fornication
Prohibition regarding songs and singing
Reciting Quran in tune of songs
Reciting Quran in a melodious voice
Pleasant voice and singing
Singing and music during weddings

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17. LYING
Lying is one of the greatest sins
Angels curse the liars
Quranic verses denounce lying
1 Lying is transgression
2 Meaning of the term "false words"
3 The liar is not a believer
4 Lying is an evil and a sin
5 The Liar is accursed
6 The blackened face of the liar
7 Sin of lying is worse than drinking wine
8 The foul-smelling mouth of the liar
9 The Angels abhor the liars
10 Lying is disbelief (kufr)
11 The stench from the liar's mouth reaches the skies
12 It is also recorded that the Angels of the sky curse the liars
13 Falsehood spoils faith
14 Falsehood deprives the liar from the taste of faith
15 According to traditional reports, lying causes animosity and hatred between people
16 The vice of lying questions the character of the liar
17 The traditions from Masoomeen (A.S.) inform us that all the evils are locked in a room and the key to that room is lying
18 Lying is a sin and a transgression
19 According to other reports, seventy thousand Angels curse the liar
21 The Islamic Shariat does not pay heed to a liar's advice
22 Falsehood is the worst of the psychological ailments
23 Lying is an embellishment of the Satan's hands
24 The worst earning of a man is falsehood
25 Lying makes the highest number of people the inmates of Hell
Lying causes forgetfulness
26 Allah makes the liar afflicted with forgetfulness
27 Falsehood is one of the doors of hypocrisy
Terrible punishment for the liars
28 A liar is inflicted with several kinds of punishments
30 The liar is deprived of Namaz-e-Shab
31 Falsehood deprives the liar from true guidance and causes him to deviate
32 Politeness and civility are removed from the one who lies
33 Falsehood is the most outrageous kind of evil and an abomination
34 We have proved Falsehood to be a Greater sin
35 Lying is poles apart from belief
23

36 The greatest sinner is the one who has lied
37 The liar is doomed because of the lies that he utters
38 The liar does not deserve friendship and brotherhood
39 The liar is kept away from truth and reality
40 Inhuman form of the liar in Barzakh
Various grades of lying
Falsehood against Allah, the Prophet (saws) and the Imams (A.S.)
Every type of falsehood
Interpreting the Quranic verses and Traditions to suit oneself
It is not an easy job
A kind of falsehood attributed to Allah (aj)
Falsehood against the Prophet (saws) and Imams (A.S.)
Traditions must be quoted with the chain of narrators
Relating the contents of the narrations
2 False oath and avoiding testimony
3 The evil effects of falsehood
4 Lying in jest and pleasantry
Total abstinence from lying
Exaggeration is not falsehood
No falsehood should be regarded as insignificant
A False dream
Falsehood in examples
Imam Hasan (A.S.) mentions a simile
Listening to a lie is haraam
What is Toriya? (Concealment of truth without uttering a lie)
Toriya is commanded
First type
Second type
Third type
Circumstances when lying is permitted
False oath to save the Muslims
Monetary loss and falsehood
24

If one is compelled he must limit himself to Toriya
Reconcile two believing people by using falsehood
Conveying a message of ill will
Reconciliation among people
Kur water and the united hearts
Falsehood in the battle-field
Promise to a wife
Fear of retribution and good deeds
Your speech must conform to your thoughts
A show of submission
Falsehood in supplications
Confession of Belief in the Imams (A.S.)
Do you speak the truth?
Lying to the Imams (A.S.)
Then how should we pray?
Every person has a different position
Firm conviction and disobedience

18. FALSE OATH
Punishment for a false oath
The Prophet (saws) orders the taking of oath
Evil consequences of false oaths
Types of oaths
When does it become wajib (obligatory) to swear?
Mustahab oath
Imam Sajjad (A.S.) avoids swearing
Swearing for the sake of emphasis
Swearing is Makrooh
A Lesson from Hazrat Isa (A.S.)
Oath of respectable objects and personalities
The oath that is haraam under all circumstances
25

Expiation for a haraam oath
Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) and Mansur Dawaniqi
Is it against a prohibited oath?
Repenting for a false oath
When is the vow correct?
Useless Vow
Types of Vows

19. FALSE TESTIMONY
'False words' imply sin and false testimony
Punishment of hell for the false witness
One should testify only after knowing the facts
One who testifies falsely is soon exposed
They do not qualify as a witness
Compensation for the loss
Repentance for the sin

20. CONCEALING EVIDENCE
Testify for the truth even if it harms you
Justice for the enemy
Those who conceal evidence
Is it wajib to testify?
People whose supplications are not accepted
Hazrat Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) says:
Testifying is wajib and concealing evidence, haraam
Testify only if you are certain
When a true testimony will oppress someone
A Tradition from Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.)
When testifying harms
Harm and being deprived of benefit

21. NON-FULFILLMENT OF A PROMISE
Types of Promises
26

Allah has promised to answer every prayer
Verbal expression of a promise
Vow or oath for a useless thing
Vow should be for a useful aim
Conditional and absolute covenant
Three types of covenant with Allah
Expiation of a vow or a covenant
Breaking of promise and hypocrisy
Mutual covenants and agreements
Hypocrites do not keep their words
No concession
Treaties with the polytheists
The Holy Prophet (saws) respected the treaty with the Polytheists of Mecca
Honouring the terms of the treaty with the Quraish
The Kafir father took away his son
I will stay here all my life
Janab-e-Ismail and the fulfillment of the vow
Violation of a promise is caused by disbelief
A Muslim is never deceitful
Violation of promise and falsehood
If there are some conditions
Fulfillment of promise is a must
To vow or pledge after saying Insha-Allah
Prophet Ayyub (A.S.) and his oath of beating his wife a hundred strokes

22. KHIYANAT
The punishment of misappropriation according to the Holy Quran
Breach of trust denounced in the traditions
Misappropriation causes misfortune
27

Anyone could be the owner of the entrusted property
The Satan instigates
Ameen (Trustworthy) - A Title of the Holy Prophet (saws)
Types of misappropriations
1 The trust of Allah
The blessings of intellect and trustworthiness
Propagating the laws of religion
2 Trust of the Holy Prophet (saws)
Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) are the Trust of the Holy Prophet (saws)
3 Trust of the people
Trusts of Shariat
Misappropriating other's property
Illegally using someone's property
Carelessness in guarding the trust
Delay in returning the trust
Transactions of hire, ariya (free loan), mortgage and partnership
Search for the owner - Sadaqah on his behalf
The one who entrusts and the trustee should be adults
Trustworthy people praised in the Quran
Recovery of damages from a property in trust
The burden of Khiyanat and the Day of Judgement
The guilty shall be recognised by their marks
The Holy Prophet (saws) and his trustworthiness
Secrets are also trusts
Private discussion is also a trust
Divulging secrets is Khiyanat
Informing disbelievers about the military secrets of the Muslims
Divine mercy upon those who maintain trusts
Restrain from divulging your own secrets
An exemplary confidant

23. STEALING
28

Punishment for theft
Conditions when corporeal punishment is accorded
Protection of property and honour
How is the punishment awarded?
Diyat (penalty)

24. SHORT-WEIGHING AND CHEATING (In Business)
Deed in Sijjin
A person who short-weighs is not a Momin
Five sins and their punishments
Advice of Amirul Momineen Ali (A.S.) for the businessmen
Between mountains of fire
Short changing is also haraam
The Seller who cheats is a debtor of the buyer
Defrauding is like selling short
Adulteration is haraam
Giving less in the rights of Allah and Prophet (saws)
What you desire for yourself
Justice and equity is best
The scales of justice
Everything has a measure
Ali (A.S.) is the scale of deeds

25. CONSUMPTION OF HARAAM
Types of bribe
Bribe in the name of khums and gift
Paying a bribe for obtaining ones rights
Accepting a bribe for doing something lawful
Characteristics of those who eat haraam
Invocations are not accepted
Hardening of the heart
A morsel of halaal food
29

Allah does not provide unlawful livelihood
No one dies without receiving his decreed sustenance
Deprived of halaal food

26. USURPING THE RIGHTS OF OTHERS OR NON-FULFILLMENT OF RIGHTS
Demand for fulfillment of rights on the Day of Qiyamat
Actual poverty
Non-payments of debts and transgressing of rights
Loan for a fixed period and loan without time limit
It is Compulsory to repay a Debt
Not repaying debts is Khiyanat to all
Method of lending and borrowing
Rewards for lending-punishment for not lending
It is obligatory to have the intention of repaying ones debt
The Incapable Debtor Must be given Respite
Each Day of Respite Brings Rewards of Sadaqah
Allah will Forgive
The Debtor Whose Good Deeds are Given to the Creditor
Amount of Compensation
Haste in Repaying Debt is Mustahab (Recommended)
Fulfillment of the Rights of People

27. AVOIDING JEHAD (Holy War)
Initiated Jehad and Jehad in defence

28. BECOMING A'ARAAB AFTER HIJRAT
What does 'becoming A'araab after hijrat' mean?
'Why don't you migrate?'
Becoming A'araab after the passing of the Holy Prophet (saws)
It is necessary to migrate towards the jurist
Order for migration is forever
'They could not migrate from Mecca'
30

Wajib, mustahab and mubah hijrat
Wajib hijrat
Recommended hijrat
No migration from areas of Ahle-Sunnat
Support of the Martyr's view
Propagating Wilayat in areas of Kuffar
Quranic view of nomadism and apostasy
Ignorance of Islamic acts is a kind of nomadism
One who learns but does not act upon it is also a nomad
Desert of ignorance and negligence
Neglecting religious knowledge

29. HELPING THE OPPRESSORS
Types of oppressors
Helping the oppressor in oppression
The Traditions of Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) against helping the oppressors
Praising the oppressor is also haraam
We must not accept any honour from oppressors
When is it permitted to accept a position under rulership?
Accepting employment under a tyrant ruler becomes wajib in one condition
Helping the oppressors in other matters
Assistance which is not haraam nor can be an encouragement
Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.) commands Safwan Jamaal
Helping an oppressive person who is not an habitual oppressor
Preventing oppression is necessary
Helping a person who is not a professional oppressor
We must not co-operate in sinful deeds
Helping in Sin
Helping a sinner in some other way
Preventing others from evil is most important
31

We must discriminate between different ranks and positions

30 NOT HELPING THE OPPRESSED
It is not necessary that only those who request for help should be assisted
Helping the oppressed is not only for believers
The worshipper sinks in the ground
The worldly and the heavenly rewards for those who help the believers
Letter of Imam as-Sadiq (A.S.) to the ruler of Ahwaz
Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.) and Ali Ibne Yaqteen
His own needs are fulfilled

31. SORCERY
Sorcery is punishable by death
What is sorcery?
A philosophical discussion
Various Kinds of Magic
Divination or Kahanat-Soothsaying
Ignorance about future is better for the people
Sorcery and soothsaying are evil
Shoabada-illusion
The powers of the magician are limited
Taskheraat (controlling jinns etc)
Qayafa (Guess)
Astronomy and Meteorology
Four types of beliefs
The prediction did not materialise
Magic and miracles are of two types
Countering magic

32. ISRAAF (WASTEFUL EXPENDITURE)
The meaning of extravagance and its types
32

Extravagance depends upon the capacity of every person
Abu Zar repels greed
Extravagance depends on prevailing conditions at different times
Extravagance that is haraam at all times
Eating or drinking harmful things is also a waste
Spending on haraam things is Israaf
Charity is never extravagance
We must always practise moderation
Reconciling the two types of verses
No extravagance in charitable acts
Israaf in belief and actions

33. PRIDE OR ARROGANCE
Pride and its Types
To Give up Dua due to Arrogance is Kufr
Arrogance by Sacrilege
Arrogance causes degradation in this world as well as the Hereafter
Arrogance toward the Holy Prophet (saws) and Imams (A.S.)
Arrogance with an Aalim is arrogance towards the Holy Prophet (saws)
The Arrogants are the inmates of Hell
Behaving arrogantly with the people
The Quranic view of arrogance with people
Show of wealth is also an act of pride
The Proud people are insane
To show oneself to be absolutely purified is an act of pride too
Signs of Pride
Remedy for Pride in Theory and Practice
After death, What?
We should keep in view those who are greater than us
Humility of the Prophet (sa)
33

The basic causes of Pride must be removed
What applies to knowledge is also applicable to goodness
Pride on ones wealth is foolishness
Post, title and status are all Temporal
Superiority of Humility
Worship destroys Pride
The Meaning of Humility and its kinds
Humility with the Almighty Allah
Humility before the Prophet (sa) and the Imam (A.S.)
Humility with the People
It is not correct to be humble before a disbeliever or a transgressor
It is also improper to be humble towards an arrogant person
There is a difference between not being humble and being Proud
Pride and obedience are not compatible
Another point of caution
To honour a wealthy person for his wealth is a path to destruction
The Humility of the Rich and the Pride of the Beggar for the pleasure of Allah
Humility shown differs from Person to Person
Signs of Humility
Our Imams (A.S.) were having utmost Humility
Pride must be completely rooted out

34. TO WAR AGAINST MUSLIMS
Who is an attacker?
To war against Allah and Prophet (sa)
Punishment for a Moharib
Defending from robbers

35. EATING OF CARRION, PORK, AND BLOOD
Carrion
Terrestrial Animals
34

Birds
Aquatic Animals
Purification of Animals
A Discussion regarding Non-vegetarianism
1. Different beliefs regarding Non-vegetarianism
2. Is Killing a living thing against Mercy?
3- Why has Islam prescribed slaughter?
Purification through the Prescribed method of Slaughter
Purification affected by slaughter
Why is Carrion Haraam?
Blood
Why is blood haraam?
Pork
Details Regarding some harmful effects of Pork
1 Spiritual and Moral harms
2 Physical Harms
Trichinosis
Dysentery

36. OMITTING PRAYER INTENTIONALLY
Misunderstanding of some stupid people
Promise of chastisement in the Quran
Fifteen terrible Consequences in the life and the Hereafter for those who neglect prayer
The Most Important Religious Obligations
Helping those who omit Prayer
Different ways of Neglecting Prayer
Emphasis on Reciting at the Earliest time
Omitting an Obligatory ritual of Prayer
There are other conditions for Acceptance of Prayers
What is concentration and attention of mind?
The Barriers Should be Removed
Obligatory Prayers
35

Qaza Prayers (Prayers that are to be offered after its time has lapsed)
Qaza of Invalid Prayers is very Important

37. NON-PAYMENT OF ZAKAT
One who does not pay Zakat is a Kafir
Why does Zakat become wajib?
Zakat and Sadaqah Increases Wealth
Types of Zakat and its Quantity
Nisab of three types of Quadrupeds:
1. Five types of Nisabs apply to Sheep/goats
2. Two Nisabs of Cows
3. Minimum Taxable Limit of Camels
Nisab (Minimum Taxable Limit) for Gold
Taxable Limit of Silver
Zakat of Fitra
Disposal of Zakat
Recommended (Mustahab) Zakat
Other Wajib Taxes
Widening of Sustenance - Purification of wealth - Savings for the future
When does Khums become wajib - How is it spent?
Dependant Members of the Family whose expenses are obligatory on us
1. Recommended Charity
2. Hadiya (Gift)
3. Hosting treats for Believers
4. Known rights and the rights of those who are deprived
5. Haqq-e-Hisad
6. A Goodly Loan - Qardul Hasana
7. Giving Respite to the Debtor or Condoning the Debt Donating clothes and Shelter to the Needy
9. Protecting the honour and Self Respect
10. Continuing Charity

38. NOT GIVING IMPORTANCE TO HAJJ
Delay from the year of Capability is Haraam
36

Ayats that Imply the ones who Neglect Hajj
Worldly Consequences of Postponing Hajj
Neglecting Hajj causes poverty
Virtues of Hajj
When does Hajj become Wajib?
Conditions that make one capable
It is Mustahab to appoint Proxies for living and Deceased Persons
The Proxy of Imam should be Pious
Reasons why Hajj is made Obligatory
Servitude of Allah and Comparison with Angels

39. TO NEGLECT ANY OBLIGATORY ACT
Corruption and a Terrible chastisement
What are Wajibaat (Obligatory Acts)?
Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan
Jihad in the way of Allah
Amr bil Ma'roof and Nahy Anil Munkar
Amr bil Maroof and Nahy Anil Munkar in Traditions
Rules Regarding Amr bil Maroof and Nahy Anil Munkar
One should not worry about minor discomfort and must not act on doubt
Priorities in Practising Amr bil Maroof and Nahy Anil Munkar
Grades of Nahy Anil Munkar
1- Forbidding by ones heart (Dislike)
2- Refraining by Tongue
3- Refraining by Hand (Force)
A Corpse among the Living
Tawalla and Tabarra
Denying the Rights of the Ahle Bayt (A.S.)

40. PERSISTENCE IN MINOR SINS
One of the conditions of forgiveness is that the sin should not be repeated again and again
37

The Greatest Sin
What does Persistence Mean?
To consider a sin small
Being Pleased with a Sinful Act
Making it Public
Sin and Social position
Misdeed of an Aalim corrupts many worlds
Persistence is really a greater sin
Persistence is established by common parlance
An Important Point
Depriving in will
The poor heir must be kept in mind
The Heir Precedes others
Division of legacy according to Shariah
PART TWO

41. BACKBITING
Traditions on Gheebat
Meaning and Occasions of Gheebat
Types of Gheebat
Gheebat of Specified Persons and Gheebat of General People
Expiation and Repentance for Gheebat
Occasions when Gheebat is Permitted
Conclusive remarks from the foregone discussions:
Listening to Gheebat is also Haraam
Hell and the two Tongues

42. TALE-TELLING
There is no rain due to Tale-telling
What is Tale-Telling?

43. INSULTING A BELIEVER
A Believer is Deserving of Honour and Respect
38

Making Fun
Abuse and Taunt
The Worst Death
Sometimes the Oppressed one Becomes an Oppressor
Exceeding the Limit in abusing
Paradise is not Allowed for the Sharp-tongued
Abusing Anyone
Prohibition of Retaliating to an Abuse with Abuse
Insulting and Degrading a Believer
Criticising and Exposing a Believer
Insulting a Momin in Prose or Poetry
Hurting the Feelings of a Believer
Terrible Punishment for Annoying the Neighbours
Rights of Neighbours
Troubling the spouse
Annoying a Beggar

44. INTRIGUE, DECEPTION AND BREAKING COVENANTS
Meanings of Intrigue, Cheating and Breaking Covenant
Cheating and Tricking with Allah
False Claims of Spiritual Status
Cheating the Holy Personalities
Tricking the People
Double Crossing and Treason
Bluffing
What is the Meaning of Two tongued and Two faced?
Adulteration is also a type of fraud
Selling at Exorbitant Rates is Also Fraud

45. HOARDING AND BLACK-MARKETING
46. DISRESPECT OF QURAN
39

Respecting the Quran is one of the Necessities of Faith
The Best Reward
Disrespect of Quran and Quranic Laws
An Important Reminder

47. DISRESPECT OF KA'BA
Emphasis on Respecting the Ka'ba
Levels of Disrespect
Defiling the Holy Sanctuary
The Sanctuary is an Area of Peace
Killing of Animals and Uprooting of Vegetation
Entering the sanctuary without Ihram
Relieving oneself facing the Qibla or with ones back towards it

48. DISRESPECT TO MASJIDS
Polluting a Masjid is Haraam
Purification of Masjid is Wajib
Staying in the Mosque in a state of Janabat, Haiz or Nifas
Recommended Actions
Detestable (Makrooh) Acts
Different Grades of Mosque

49. DISRESPECT OF THE TOMBS OF MASOOMEEN (A.S.)
Disrespect of the Tombs of Masoomeen (A.S.) is Kufr

50. DISRESPECT TO THE SOIL OF IMAM HUSAIN'S GRAVE (TURBAH)
Merits of Turbah of Imam Husain (A.S.)
Keeping Turbah with the corpse
Anointing the Corpse with Turbah
Turbah has the cure for every disease
Disrespect of Turbah Invites Destruction
True Dreams
A Question and its Reply
40

TAWBAH (PART ONE)
Reality of Tawbah
Repentance - The cause of giving up of sins
Perfect Repentance
What is Tawbah of Nasooh?
Merit of Tawbah
1. It makes man a beloved of God
2. Evils are turned into good deed
3. Praiseworthy Prayer of Angels
4. The repentant will go to Paradise
5. Tawbah gives happiness in life
6. Prayer are accepted by Tawbah
7. Tawbah Brings good tidings from God
8. Any number of sins will be pardoned through Tawbah
9. Breaking of Tawbah does not nullify repentance
10. The Door of Tawbah is open forever
Repentance should be Instant
Black heart
Stages of Tawbah
The Method and recommended rituals of Tawbah
Horrible Punishements
Repentance of Prophets, increase in remorse
Perfection of Tawbah, Rozah, Ghusl and Namaz
Istighfar, Repeated Repentance and the Early Morning Worship
Repeated Repentance and Istighfar
Selecting Morning Hours for Repentance
TAWBAH (PART TWO)
Ten Incidents to enlighten our minds
1- Wine changed into Vinegar
2- Repentance is accepted till the last breath
3- A Perfect feeling of Allah's fear is Tawbah
4- Refraining from sin brings forgiveness
5- Allah's Mercy is Very Vast
6- One should remain between Hope and fear till the end of one's life
7- Controlling ones carnal desires causes salvation
8- Leaving Sins and respecting the Sayyids cause Salvation
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9- Do not Consider a Small thing, insignificant
10- The Bounties of Allah cannot be computed

GLOSSARY OF ISLAMIC TERMS

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