MORAL VALUES OF QURAN


A Commentary on Surah Hujuraat

 

By:
Martyr of the Prayer Niche (Shaheed-e-Mihrab)

Ayatullah Dastghaib Shirazi (q.s.)
 

Translated by:
Sayyid Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi

 

آدابى از قرآن
(تفسير سوره حجرات)

Author: Martyr of the prayer Niche ( Shaheed-e-Mihrab )
Abdul Hussain Dastghaib Shirazi
Translator: Syed Athar Husain S. H. Rizvi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1425 -2005 - 1383
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 336
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-648-5

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

The Holy Surah Hujaraat 15
Foreword: A Synopsis of Surah Hujuraat 19
  1 - Personality of the Last Prophet
2 - Regret in believing in the word of a transgressor
3 - Reconciliation between Muslims
4 - Find and Remove the Roots of differences
5 - Apparent Islam and inward Faith
6 - Faith is God’s Bounty
Simple explanation for common understanding
19
19
20
20
21
21
22
1. Thankfulness for the bounty of life and perception of Ramadan 23
  Salawat, the Best Recitation
Explanation of Surah Hujuraat is appropriate
Importance and Bounties of the holy month of Ramadan
Organs are restrained from Prohibited deeds
Month of wakefulness and self-realization
A full belly is not in harmony with spiritualism
Bonds of relationship with kinsfolk and Divine Mercy
Obscenity and adultery cuts off family relations
Industry without spiritualism
Give and feed to whatever extent possible
Charity proportional with possessions
They are righteous in the other world also
He hosts guests on his grave
He gives his horse to the poor during famine
Selling books for Hajj pilgrimage
The alm-givers will intercede tomorrow
Remembering hunger and thirst of the Judgment Day
A talk between Hajjaj and a fasting shepherd
Raise hands for supplication
Remember the thirst of Husain
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24
25
25
26
26
27
27
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28
29
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30
31
31
32
32
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34
34
2. Observance of fast and recitation of Quran 36
  Three main subjects in Surah Hujuraat
No one has a right to go ahead of the master
Expediency before God and Prophet
Three commands which Umar altered
Another innovation in the Morning Azan
Orders attached to Islam!
An unrecognized tradition of Prophet
Gives preference to his own likes
Secrecy even after separation
God is Hearing, Wise
Do not raise your voice higher than the voice of Prophet
Respect for Prophet in every respect
Sign of Piety in heart is discipline
Then why do you visit their Shrines?
Fire does not burn him
Doing good to Sayyids brings good of this world and Hereafter
Discipline of Abul Fazl, a perfect example
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37
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40
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45
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3. Deprivation of bounties of the presence of the Prophet 48
  Apostasy nullifies deeds
One who hurts the Prophet nullifies his good deeds
Piety of the heart and the body
Remains careful like a cat but
Understanding the greatness of His creation results in the Piety of Heart
Both an elephant and a mosquito are from one mechanism
Signs of Muhammad are also honorable
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49
50
51
52
53
53
4. Be patient till the Prophet comes out 57
  Christian allegations against the Prophet
The duties are only for the benefit of Muslims
Learn true abstinence from Muhammad
On the ground like slaves and servants
Always first in Saluting
Never rode when companions walked
The Prophet did not demand a particular food item
Need of Anas
Seek the praised status (Maqam-e-Mahmood) from God
Attain nearness to Allah through prostration
Khums also is for the Muslims themselves
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63
65
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5. He fetches people from love for world to love for God 69
 The reward of prophethood for the faithful themselves
Love for the near kindered
Fasting strengthens spirit
Charity cultivates generosity
Patience brings growth and draws limitless reward
Observance of rights is bilateral
Salute the faithful
Sayyids should also respect the Muslims
Sayyids should all the more refrain from sinning
Rights of spouses are reciprocal
I feel better among women
The rights of parents and children too are reciprocal
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70
71
72
72
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75
76
77
77
6. Do not react to the words of a Transgressor 79
  Deprivation from attending scholars
Walid the transgressor and Bani Mustaliq
Eternal discredit for Uthman
Scholars were martyred due to such mischief
Greatness of declaring God’s oneness
Dying with love for the Master of the Age
Weep for yourself in advance
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80
82
83
84
85
86
7. Friday is a holiday 87
  Ali’s words in the Basra Market
Do not forget Allah; be thankful to Him
Enjoinment of Piety in the Friday sermon
Piety both in friendship and enmity
Reconciliation between parties is compulsory
Reconciliation between a man and his wife brought about by Amirul
Momineen
Those who are deprived of the benefits of Ramadan
Imam’s expenditure on reconciliation between Shias
Advent of Imam Mahdi for reconciliation
Wild wolves or shining stars!
Take benefit of Repentance
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90

91
92
93
93
96
96
8. Khalid goes for investigation 98
  Undue benefit of people’s ignorance
Lying about Imam’s word against the Imam himself!
Were all the companions of the Prophet just?
You are obedient not commanders
God sent faith for you
Sumaiyah was bravery personified
Sins are bitter to the Faithful
God makes you taste the sweetness of Faith
Delight of faith for those who want it
Nothing until you ask for it
A thief, while sinning, gives guidance to others
Imam Zainul Abideen addresses Abdul Malik Ibne Marwan
‘Amen’ of a sinner is better than the prayer of a worshipper
Trembling of Hurr on the Day of Ashura
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100
101
102
102
103
104
105
107
107
108
9. Religion is dearer than life to a faithful believer 110
  The Faithful feels disgusted due to sins
Reach truth through practice
Relation of these two verses with preceding and succeeding ones
Greatness of Imam’s army
God takes pride in worshippers at dawn
Weeping of a repentant is better than glorification by angels
111
112
113
114
115
116
10. Witticism in the interpretation of this verse 117
  Reconciliation between two groups of Muslims
Aws and Khazraj fight over urination of an ass
The war of Haider was a bounty for Iran
Constitutional riots, tyranny and secret news foretold by Ali
A pious person with power can make reform
Brotherhood and equality between Believers
Fulfilling the need of a Believer
Blessings lifted up due to corruption
118
119
119
120
121
122
124
126
11. Acceptance of reconciliation and agreement is also obligatory 128
  God accepts repentance
Islamic brotherhood is general
Defense of Islamic lands is a must for all
Do not speak bad of religious leaders
Observe rights of brotherhood
Mediator falls prey to corrupt fighters
Rights of brothers in faith
Be good to others as they are with you
Faithful friends, here and in Hereafter
Camel owners permission
130
130
132
133
133
134
134
135
136
138
12. Believers are like a single body 139
  Say Salam while visiting and meeting
Inquiry about health etc for thanksgiving
Shake hands and hug
Safiya hosts the Holy Prophet
Abu Zar visits Salman
Blind in the house of the host
Manners for attending meetings
He deafens himself for lifetime
Faithful jinn comes to help faithful men
Helping a believer equals ten rounds of Ka’ba
Equality with a Believer
Muhammad and Ali like the two brothers Musa and Haroon
Making brothers is a recommended deed
Example on self-sacrifice
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141
141
142
142
143
144
144
145
145
146
147
147
149
13. Material and spiritual aspects in social life 150
  Satanic obsessions, a result of loneliness, for loneliness
The things which join hearts are ordered
Give importance of Islamic greetings
Elements causing disintegration are prohibited
Ummul Momineen Safiya, with Ayesha and Hafsa
The unknown Abdul Ghaffar who prayed behind Imam-e-Zaman
May be he has friendship with God
Compensate your oppressions through repentance
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153
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155
156
156
14. Salawat and rescuing in times of trouble 159
  From where and for what I came here and where I am going?
Knowing God and worshipping (serving) God, aim of creation
Reflection of his radiance, wherever you see
Man’s prosperity is in knowing Almighty Allah
Water carrier recognized God through his water skin
Pessimism and mistrust destroys mans life
A Melancholic youth turns into a cow
Melancholy has overtaken most people today
Violence after watching films
God’s grace in Marital life
The dog’s white and strong fangs
A Generous disbeliever is better than a miser Muslim
Damascus Police Chief - a true Shia
Imam Sadiq’s message a courtier of Mansoor
Repent for the past
Kindness of Imam Hasan while eating
159
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161
162
163
163
164
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168
169
170
172
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173
174
15. Thabit recalls a Muslim’s mother in bad light 176
  Who is addressed?
Akrama, son of Abu Jahl, better than Muslims
Maybe the mocked one is better than you
Forgiven for giving water to a dog
Christian youths become rightly guided through Quran
Guidance for some and misguidance for others
End of a learned Haji
Pray, so that we die in a good condition
Three things hidden in three things
Those whose grief will be more
The lowly became high
177
178
178
180
180
182
182
183
183
185
186
16. They mocked her for her short stature and a lengthy dress 188
  To disgrace others is to disgrace oneself
All are to meet the same one and hence are equal
Spiritual connection of Shias with Ali
Every action has its reaction
Whatever you do, you do to yourself
Do not call one another names
It is must to repent after sinning
I have oppressed myself
Suspecting a believer is unlawful
Spying is also not permissible
If a spy loses his eye while spying
Suspicion is from one’s own evil
Prevent suspicion by having a good opinion
Calling someone Sufi is also suspicion
Imam Kazim and Shaqeeq Balkhi
Satan’s regret for misguiding a believer
189
189
190
190
191
191
192
192
192
193
195
195
195
196
196
197
17. Duty imposed by God is important 200
  Conjecture, between certainty and doubt
Unwise worshipper and his deeds of less value
The surplus intestine or a danger signal!
Everything is very well in its place
The spacious atmosphere of the outer world, protects life
Death, a great bounty of God
Remove the spectacles of ill-view
Death, a preliminary to reception by God
Death is a decoration for man
Ali is happy and pleased with death
Help the legatee of Muhammad or give death
200
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207
207
18. Having a bad opinion about God is disbelief and polytheism 209
  Creation of man for friendship with God
Elegance of Yusuf and the Houries of Paradise
The fragrance of flowers in this world and the heavenly smells
Divine mercy is found everywhere
Fire is necessary for the stubborn
Ali blinded his enemy
Insulting Ali makes one worthy to be killed
Of God! Your mercy is open river to all
Satan gives oath of Ali to Almighty God
Two advices from Satan for this world and for the hereafter
Ungratefulness causes drought
Hurul Eieen makes one remember God
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210
211
211
212
213
215
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218
219
19. The real gift is irretrievable 221
  Three bounties higher than every bounty
Remembrance of death removes futile pleasures
Deniers of prophethood have a bad opinion about God
Human intelligence is unable to comprehend good and evil
No circumspection in law-making
Dreams cannot be accepted as proofs
Only the eye of the Prophet and the Imam can see
God took away Ali, while Muawiyah and Amr Aas remained alive
If He retaliates none will remain alive
It is life to be killed on the path of truth
Ali longed for martyrdom
Happiness and hardship are relative
The worldly furnace is a sanatorium of hell
A drop of tear cools down oceans of fire
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222
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224
224
225
225
226
228
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229
230
231
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20. The job of Ali was admonition 233
  God and His Prophet recognized Ali
Literal name and original name, sign and word
All creatures are signs of God
Ali is the great Sign, a Perfect word and the Great Name of Allah
Birth in Ka’ba, Martyrdom in Mosque
Hands towards heavens even in infancy
Supernatural strength
Pregnancy of a virgin girl and Amirul Momineen’s judgment
Ali’s strength was supernatural
Ali could not be distinguished from common people
Ali’s knowledge, a manifestation of God’s knowledge
Arbitration about distribution of camels
A Guest who paid eight dirhams
A peep into the higher world
Forgiving despite having full powers
Kindness despite bravery
Muawiyah hears the events of Ali
Pleasure in this world, detainment in the Hereafter
A child learns from the father’s flight
Everyone’s sin in his own limit
Last words of Amirul Momineen
234
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234
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236
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238
239
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240
241
242
242
243
244
245
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247
21. Inner signs are indeed amazing 249
  The created did not know about the creator
Waking up when he wants
Dreams: Samples of reward and punishment in Grave
The dead appeal to the living
Surrounding by the soul is a sample of surrounding by God
Different engagements do not restrain the soul
Self of Ali is the biggest sign of self-related signs
Angels seek fragrance
Ali faced the army alone
At the bedside of thousands, every moment
Ali with his own bier
Pious souls at the burial of Ali
Ali’s grave and hunting animals
More protective than the helper of locusts
Radiance of Ali’s grave illuminates the surrounding graves
The palm extended towards God is filled up
Once again Husain asks women to be patient
249
250
252
252
253
254
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258
259
260
260
261
22. Ignorance is no excuse 262
  Do not take it in the wrong sense
Circle of fire and running of trees
He did not respond because he was deaf
Having a bad opinion about a friend of God is dangerous
Reality of backbiting and vain excuses
Ousted from God’s shelter
A beautiful mole appears ugly but
They do not observe the rights of God
Paradise is prohibited for a backbiter
Injuries of Husain on Ashura Day
263
263
264
264
266
267
268
269
271
271
23. Four evidences which show that backbiting is prohibited 272
  Fifty narrations regarding backbiting
Backbiting eats up religion like leprosy
Towards good through good opinion about God
Character building by practice during youth time
What is a healthy character?
Refraining from backbiting, cause of every good
Bad behavior brings punishment to Saad in grave
Backbiting overturns good and bad deeds
Gifts in exchange of backbiting and cursing
Admonition by an adviser is not backbiting
No Backbiting in open sins
Seeking justice is not backbiting
Ahmed the orphan and Ibne Tolon’s slave girl
Yusuf and Zulaikha, a lesson of the time
273
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278
278
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279
271
24. Comparing backbiting with eating of dead 283
  Collective benefit
Pious Shaykh, yet known as unclean
Refer a definite sin to yourself
Corruptions resulting from backbiting scholars
Abu Bakr and Umar backbite Salman and Usamah
Amazing effects of five things
Legitimacy after one year!
The happiness of mourners is higher than their grief
284
285
286
286
287
288
289
290
25. Quran for the good of this world and the hereafter 292
  Quranic Commands and worldly comforts
Imam Sajjad’s words to a mischief maker
Restrain yourself from the beginning
Pious looking backbiting
Do not pride on one another
Being proud of race is also ignorance
Harmful interruption is also prohibited
Sinister effects of telephonic talks
God created all from a father and a mother
Disbeliever’s insult Bilal, the Muezzin of the Prophet
Abbas and Shayba show pride to Ali
The words of Imam Hasan were no boastings
Words of Imam Sajjad before Asmai
293
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299
300
301
26. All are from same father and mother 303
  Nocturnal emission reminds one of his origins
Slave, yet God’s friend
You have bought a slave, not created him
So no one must be proud
Marriage of Safiya with Miqdad
The engineering craft of the honeybee without tools
Intercession of the righteous on Judgment Day
Bani Asad arrives in Medina
Faith is the awakening of the heart
Faith has not yet entered your hearts
They did not come up for jihad
A deed done for God is not little
Between Yazid and Husain
304
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307
307
307
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308
309
310
311
311
311
312
27. Sit at the bank of a river and observe the passing of life 314
  Gifts for the dead on Friday eve
Sign of faith
A believer has no uncertainty in his belief
Illiterate but with an enlightened heart
Threw away impure food articles but did not sell them
Destruction for the wealthy except those who spend
External show and hypocrisy before God!
Muslims do not oblige Allah
Does a patient oblige his kind physician!
God has obliged you
Charity of Husain, an example for others
315
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318
319
319
320
321
321
322
323
28. Faith in origin and end is the basis of all religions 325
  Inclination towards something amounts to having faith in it
Hereafter requires prior preparation
Models of faith
Do not turn again to lust
Friendship with one another brings bliss
God deserves to be more affectionate
Wife’s obedience to husband for God’s sake
Farewell to the dear month of Ramadan
Hours of our life
Recite the prayer of farewell
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330
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