A Victim Lost in Saqifah
Allegiance (Bay’at) of Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.) to Caliphs – contamination of Shia belief in Imamate
B) To benefit from Ali’s acknowledgment by removing from the public mind suspicion of illegitimacy of Abu Bakr’s Caliphate. Besides, to pose it as a Caliphate having God’s pleasure. In other words, to provide a sanctity under shade of Ali’s allegiance.
Therefore we must go through these allegations thoroughly:
In the meantime we would like to scrutinize these two claims:
1) Claims that Ali’s Bay’at tantamount to public popularity of Abu Bakr’s rule.
2) Claims that acceptance of Abu Bakr’s rule proves Ali’s allegiance to Abu Bakr.
Therefore in this analysis we shall evaluate the sources claiming that Ali gave allegiance to Abu Bakr. They are as follows:
Source One: Divine legitimacy (Legitimacy granted by God)
Source Two: Public Popularity (Standard of public accord)
Source Three: Existence (A fact/occurrence)
We shall again thoroughly investigate historical documents related to these claims to find the extent of Ali’s approval to Abu Bakr’s rule.
Because the above subject has taken for granted that Ali in fact gave allegiance to Abu Bakr.
Accordingly we can evaluate Ali’s belief in legitimacy and popularity of Abu Bakr’s Caliphate and thereby gauge its authenticity in the light of History.