A Victim lost
in saqifah

1-4

BY
ALI LABBAF

 WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY
 SAYYID MUHAMMAD DHIYABAADI

 TRANSLATED BY
A GROUP OF TRANSLATORS

 

 Labbaf, Ali,
A Victim Lost in Saqifah/ Ali Labbaf; Translated by Hassan Najafi.-Qum: Ansariyan, 2008.
576 P.
ISBN: 978-964-438-976–8
Original Title: مظلومي گمشده در سقيفه
1. Saqifeh Bani Sa’edeh.                                      2. Ali ibn Abitaleb, Imam I. 599
– 661 – Proof of Calihpate.                                                  I. Najafi, Hasan, Tr.
294.452                                                                                   BP 223.54 .L32

 مظلوم السقيفة باللّغة الانجليزية
Revised Edition with Comprehensive Additions
A VICTIM LOST IN SAQIFAH
Author: Ali Labbaf
With an introduction by Sayyid Muhammad Dhiyabaadi
Translator: Dr. Hasan Najafi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition: 2008 -1429 - 1387
Neqeen Press
Quantity: 2000
No. of pages: 576
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-976-8
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER

 ANSARIYAN PUBLICATIONS
P.B. Box 187
22, Shohada Str. – Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net & Int_ansarian@yahoo.com
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedicated to 4
Preface 17
INTRODUCTION
FUNDAMENTALS OF EVALUATION AND CRITICISM OF WRITINGS ON ISLAMIC UNITY
21
FIRST INTRODUCTION
NECESSITY OF THOUGHT FOR ISLAMIC UNITY
21
SECOND INTRODUCTION
VALUABLE STANDARDS OF WORKSHEET OF THE THOUGHT OF ISLAMIC UNITY
23
THIRD INTRODUCTION
FAMILIARITY WITH WRITINGS ON THOUGHTS OF ISLAMIC UNITY
27
BEGINNING OF DISCUSSION
AWARENESS OF BASICS OF INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENT – RESEARCH TOWARDS CREATING ISLAMIC UNITY
28
INTRODUCTION TO APPLICATIONS OF TWO TENDENCIES BY WAY OF CRITICISM AND NARRATION 30
DISCOURSE ONE
KEEPING QUIET AND PROHIBITING DIFFERENCE-CREATING ACTIVITIES
31
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Invitation to Silence as Open-mindedness
Invitation to Keep Quiet as Mark of Sympathy
Invitation to Keep Quiet for Confidentiality
31
32
41
43
44
DISCOURSE TWO
ADOPT COMMON THINGS AND IGNORE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ISLAMIC SECTS
45
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
45
45
DISCOURSE THREE
TO MAKE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SCHOOLS SO LIGHT AS TO APPEAR DEPTHLESS
48
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
48
51
DEVIATION IN PRINCIPLES AND BRANCHES OF FAITH 57
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Conclusion
Conclusion
Reminder
57
58
61
63
64
DEVIATED SIDE-EFFECTS OF THIS CONJECTURE 65
  First Wrong Result
Second Wrong Result
Third Wrong Result
Fourth Wrong Result
1 – This Difference must be acknowledged:
2 – This Difference in Religion is neither rejected nor blamed:
3 – This Difference is desirable and useful:
4 – This Difference is not Harmful, it solves difficulty:
5 – This Difference is Good – there is nothing wrong in it:
65
66
67
69
69
69
69
70
70
DISCOURSE FOUR
EXCUSING THOSE WHO TURN AWAY FROM IMAMATE AND SCHOOL OF AHLE BAYT (A.S.)
71
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
Another Criticism and Analysis
71
77
86
DISCOURSE FIVE
ALTERATIONS IN BELIEFS OF SHIA JA’FARI TWELVE IMAMITE FAITH
89
FIRST ALTERATION
IMAMATE AND RULERSHIP
INTRODUCTION
89
89 
FIRST BATCH
THREE TYPES OF SEPARATIONS BETWEEN IMAMATE AND RULERSHIP
91
  INTRODUCTORY CONJECTURE 91
DEVIATED REPERCUSSIONS OF THIS CONJECTURE 95
  Particulars of this Oblique new thought about the Great Caliphate 102
DEVIATED REPERCUSSIONS OF THIS CONJECTURE 104
  Reminder 104
CRITICISM AND OPINION
GUARDIANSHIP AND IMAMATE IS INSEPARABLE FROM APPARENT CALIPHATE
106
  The Result 112
SECOND BATCH
TO SHOW RULERSHIP OF LESS VALUE THAN IMAMATE
114
 
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
114
115
SECOND ALTERATION
REMOVING IMAMATE FROM PRINCIPLES OF FAITH AND MAKING IT A FUNDAMENTAL OF SCHOOL
117
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
117
120
THIRD ALTERATION
AIM OF ESCHEWING SHIA TEACHINGS
123
  INTRODUCTION
A question that arises in the mind is that:
Closing Reminder
123
124
127
DISCOURSE SIX
DEVIATION IN THE MEANING OF DIVINELY-GRANTED CALIPHATE OF ALI
129
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
129
130
DEVIATED REPERCUSSION OF THESE CONJECTURES 135
  First Wrong Result
Caliphate is not a Monopoly of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)!
Second Wrong Result
Caliph cannot be Exclusively Ali after the Prophet
Third Wrong Result
Usurpation of Ali’s Caliphate is no more in Question!
Fourth Wrong Result
Caliphate of Caliphs is not illegitimate!
Warning:
Propagation of these Conjectures in the Name of Open-mindedness
Relation of Imamate and Caliphate from Shia Viewpoint
The wrong framing of the issue
135
135
135
135
136
136
136
136
137
137
137
137
137
DISCOURSE SEVEN
DENIAL OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ALI AND CALIPHS
141
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Analysis
What History says?
The Result
Reminder
141
148
150
153
153
DEVIATION IN CRITICISM OF ALI ABOUT CALIPHS 156
  INTRODUCTION
Criticism and Scrutiny
156
157
DISCOURSE EIGHT
TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE LEGITIMACY OF CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT
160
  INTRODUCTION
Scrutiny and Criticism
Unanswered Questions
160
161
164
ADDENDUM
SOLUTION OF SHIA TO CREATE ISLAMIC UNITY
166
END
REFLECTION ON SHIA IDEAL OF ISLAMIC UNITY IN THE ZAHRA’S SPEECH
172
VOL. 2
DISCOURSE ONE
CRITICISM AND INVESTIGATION ABOUT PROPAGANDA OF SILENCE OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN
175
  Doubts Created Regarding Silence of Amirul Momineen
Conjectures that claim ‘Letting go of Caliphate linked with consent’
Conjectures that claim ‘Detachment of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) from Caliphate and overlooking it, after six months of Abu Bakr’ Caliphate’
Conjectures that claim ‘Absence of plan of right of Caliphate and not proving the School of Imamate’
Did Amirul Momineen (a.s.) Leave Caliphate and Overlook his Rights?
Correct Analysis about Ali’s reaction to Usurpation of Caliphate
Conclusion
175
175
175
176
177
178
183
CORRECT INTERPRETATION ALI’S SILENCE AND ITS CAUSES 184
  Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and his Stern Refusal to Pay Allegiance to Abu Bakr
Amirul Momineen (a.s.) and Declaration of Illegitimacy of Caliphate
Final Judgment on Silence of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
To what extent Ali Believed in Preserving Silence?
Did Ali Refrain from Arguing about Imamate?
187
189
190
195
196
ARE SHIAS OBLIGED TO AVOID DISCUSSION ON CALIPHATE…? 205
ARE SHIAS OBLIGED NOT TO DEBATE ON IMAMATE? 211
DISCOURSE TWO
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ANALYSES PROPAGATED ABOUT CONSULTATION OF CALIPHS WITH ALI
216
  What doubts are propagated in this regard?
Does Consultation Alone Suffices to Prove Good Relations?
Analysis of Consultation of Caliphs with Amirul Momineen (a.s.) on the basis of Statistical Scrutiny
Chart of Consultations of Three Caliphs with Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
216
216
218
218
WHAT DOES SCRUTINY OF STATISTICS SHOW? 226
  Items of Abu Bakr’s Consultation with Imam Ali (a.s.)
Items of consultation of Umar with Imam Ali (a.s.)
Did the Second Caliph always consult Ali? Did he always accept his view?
Instances of Uthman consulting Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.)
Results of Statistical Analysis
Final Analysis about Caliphs’ Consultation with Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
Theological Reminder
Differences between the Aims of Caliphs and Ali Regarding Consultations
226
227
228
229
231
232
239
239
DISCOURSE THREE
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ANALYSES PUBLICIZED REGARDING ALI’S COOPERATION WITH CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT
243
  Conjectures spread in this regard
What do Historical Documents and Sources Indicate?
Conclusion
243
244
247
ANALYSIS OF ALI’S PARTICIPATION IN CALIPHS’ GOVERNMENT 248
  What was Caliphs’ Aim in Giving Government Responsibilities to Ali? 249
WAS ALI GIVEN A GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSIBILITY DURING THE TENURE OF THE CALIPHS? 253
  Analysis of Acceptance of Responsibility for Some Particular Instances
Surrendering Responsibility to Ali in Some Particular Items
253
254
DID AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) HAVE POSITIVE OUTLOOK TO BATTLES OF CALIPH’S PERIOD? 258
  Did associates of Amirul Momineen (a.s.) have Active Presence in Caliphs’ government?
Conclusion
Conjecture mentioned in Haft Aasmaan Magazine – A Reply to it
260
263
264
CRITICISM AND SCRUTINY OF ALI’S POSITIVE OUTLOOK TO BATTLES 267
PARTICIPATION OF HASAN AND HUSAIN IN BATTLES OF CALIPHS 270
  Introduction
Criticism and Analysis
270
271
SCRUTINY OF PARTICIPATION OF ALI’S COMPANIONS IN BATTLES AND GOVERNMENT OF CALIPHS 273
  Are Battles of Caliphs Worth Defending?
Forced Participations of Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.) in Caliphs’ Government
273
278
DID AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) ALWAYS ATTEND CALIPHS’ PRAYERS? 282
  Deviation in Narration from Shia Sources
Result drawn from contemplating on these headings:
283
284
DISCOURSE FOUR SCRUTINY AND CRITICISM OF ANALYSES PUBLICIZED IN RESPECT OF RELATIONS BETWEEN CALIPHS AND AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) 290
  What conjectures are presented in this regard?
Relations of the First Caliph with the Family of Revelation (a.s.)
Historical Reminder
290
291
296
EXAMPLES OF STATEMENTS IN SUNNI SOURCES ABOUT ZAHRA’S ANGER ON ABU BAKR 297
AIM OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) IN TAKING OVER THE GUARDIANSHIP OF MUHAMMAD BIN ABU BAKR? 299
  Relations of the Second Caliph with the Family of Revelation (a.s.)
A glance at historical documents
Conclusion
301
302
308
DID THE SECOND CALIPH DESIRE ALI TO BE CALIPH AFTER HIM? 309
  Scrutiny of the legend of Second Caliph’s Marriage with Umme Kulthum
The prosperity in the next world for Umar by means of this marriage
Immunity of Second Caliph about crimes committed against Ahle Bayt (a.s.)
Suggestion of Umar having gained the satisfaction of Ahle Bayt particularly that of Hazrat Zahra (s.a.)
Baraat, a principle of Shia belief now is put under question
Enmity and rancor of Umar towards Ali is covered
To show relations between Ali and Umar to be friendly
Giving legitimacy to Umar’s Caliphate and distancing it from term of usurpation
Can only marriage with bin Hashim be a proof of friendship?
Criticism and Investigation
View of the first category of Shia scholars
Why this rumor gained currency?
Outlook of second category of Shia scholars
Opinion of Ustad Sayyid Ali Husaini Milani
How many daughters did Ali have named Umme Kulthum?
Outlook of Ayatullah Marashi Najafi
Another Analysis about the Marriage of Umme Kulthum with Umar
Relations of the Third Caliph with the House of Divine Revelation
A glance at historical documents
311
312
312
312
313
313
313
313
314
314
315
317
319
323
328
329
329
331
331
DISCOURSE FIVE PUBLICIZED ANALYSES ABOUT THE RELATION OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN (A.S.) WITH CALIPHS 334
  Ali’s criticism of Caliphs
Why Ali named his sons after Caliphs?
Name of Muawiyah in use
Name of Yazid in use
Another outlook about these namings
Are narrations attributed to Ali about his praise of Caliphs correct?
Narrations in Sunni books
Narrations mentioned in Nahjul Balagha and Al-Gharaat
The Researcher Shushtari’s outlook
Had Ali accepted the legitimacy of Caliphs’ Government?
The text of the Imam’s letter to Muawiyah copied from Waqatus Siffeen
Conclusion
334
338
339
339
342
342
342
344
347
353
355
357
FINAL CONCLUSION
ZAHRA’S MARTYRDOM IS NOT FICTION
359
VOL. 3
MOTIVE OF THIS RESEARCH
365
 
  Analysis of Ustad Sayyid Muhammad Dhiyabaadi 372
INTRODUCTION
CLAIM OF RIGHTEOUS CALIPHATE IS UNTRUE
375
DISCOURSE ONE
PIETY AND SIMPLICITY SCRUTINIZED
386
  Motive of Caliphs’ Piety
Political Piety
Piety or Public Deception
Hypocritical Piety
Personal use of Public Funds
Clandestine Luxury
Support to Royal life and Hoarding Wealth
1 – Support to Muawiyah
2 – Support to Tameem
3 – Support to Zaid bin Thabit
4 – Support to Qunfudh
Properties of Staff Members
Selection of officers
Selection of Mughaira bin Shoba
Selection of Khalid bin Waleed
Selection of Amr bin Aas
Piety without a Holy war
Pleasant Food
Rivalry to piety of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
386
388
389
390
395
399
401
401
403
403
404
404
406
406
407
407
408
409
410
DISCOURSE TWO
SCRUTINY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE
412
  Help to the Deprived
Love for the People
Social Classes
Policy of Racial Discrimination
1 – Prohibition for non-Arabs to enter Medina
2 – Retaliation of Arab through non-Arab prohibited
3 – Prohibition to Speak in Language other than Arabic
4 – Objection against Rulership of Nobles over Quraish
5 – Restriction for Non-Arabs to marry Arab ladies
6 – Minimum possible allowance for non-Arabs from public treasury
7 – Distinction between an Arab living in a town and an Arab living in deserts
Racial discrimination Resulted in Advantage to Arabs
Cause of Rulers’ Greatness in view of Arabs
Influence of Greatness of Rulers over Ali’s Government
412
414
415
420
423
423
424
424
424
424
425
427
428
429
DISCOURSE THREE
SCRUTINY OF JUDICIAL JUSTICE
433
  Double standards in judgment
1 – Two ways of dealing – with Zahra and Jabir bin Abdullah Ansaari
2 – Double Standard Treatment between Son of Amr Aas and Ubadah bin Samit
3 – Different Treatment between the Son of Amr Aas and Mughaira bin Shoba
Ignoring Calls of Oppressed
433
433
435
436
437
DISCOURSE FOUR
ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHTS OF LEGAL OPPONENTS
439
  Type of dealing with legal opponents
Iron-handed policy
Stamp of Apostasy
Examples of Caliphate facing its legal opponents
Malik bin Nuwairah
Two Reminders
Saad bin Ubadah
Umme Farwa
Fujayat al-Salma was burnt
439
439
441
457
457
459
462
464
464
DISCOURSE FIVE
ANALYSIS OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL LIBERTIES
466
  Dealing with youth
Dealing with Zaid bin Muawiyah Qashari
Behavior with Nasr bin Hajjaj
Sacrifices of Limitations
Ibn Abbas
Roughness and Extremism
466
466
473
474
474
477
CONCLUSION
ZAHRA’S SPEECH DESCRIBES THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS AFTER USURPATION OF CALIPHATE AND IDENTIFIES THE ILLS IN POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT
482
VOL. 4
SECTION ONE
ALLEGIANCE OF AMIRUL MOMINEEN TO CALIPHS
487
 
  Motive of this research 487
DISCOURSE ONE
ABSENCE OF ALI’S APPROVAL TO ABU BAKR’S CALIPHATE
489
  Historical documents
Conclusion
What is the Meaning of Silence?
What is the Meaning of Allegiance?
Comparison of silence to Bay’at
Conditions of achieving Bay’at
489
491
492
493
495
496
DISCOURSE TWO
EFFORTS TO OBTAIN IMAM ALI’S (A.S.) BAY’AT AFTER THE PROPHET’S DEMISE
499
  Motive of Caliphate in taking Bay’at from Amirul Momineen Ali (a.s.)
A Look at Historical Proofs and Documents in Sunni Sources
Conclusion
Where did the efforts of Emigrants for taking forced Bay’at from Ali end?
How Sunnis narrate this event?
Conclusion of the Eight Documents
Remark
ِttack on Zahra’s house and efforts for taking Bay’at from Ali (a.s.)
Final Conclusion
Abu Bakr’s Caliphate was always shown by Ali as not rightful.
499
500
504
505
509
510
511
512
513
513
DISCOURSE THREE
LACK OF PUBLIC SATISFACTION FROM ABU BAKR’S CALIPHATE
514
  Historical Documents
Another look at Historical Documents about Public Allegiance to Abu Bakr
514
515
DISCOURSE FOUR
EFFORTS TO PROVE THE BAY’AT WAS OF FREE CHOICE AFTER ZAHRA’S MARTYRDOM
520
  A suspicion
Cause of Zahra’s wrath against Abu Bakr
Motive of Sunnis in proving the occurrence of this Bay’at?
In how many ways Sunnis narrate this incident?
Criticism of Three Standards in Narrations of Sunni Sources Concerning willing Bay’at
Scrutiny into allegation of becoming Murtad of some Arabs
Allegation of Sunni Sect concerning the Bay’at having had taken place because of Murtads cannot be considered reliable
Investigation on reliability of this narration
Investigation of correctness and occurrence of the Battle of Abraq and events following it
Result
Analysis of proof of this narration
Continuation of scrutiny about authenticity of Abraq battle and events following it
Result
Another look at the case of Apostasy of Arabs
Conclusion
Three main outcomes of scrutiny of the issue of Apostasy of Arabs
On the margins of analysis of issue of apostasy of Arabs
Last Reminder
Scrutiny into narrations regarding the letter of Ali
Remark about Al-Gharaat
Common points in Narrations of Ibne Qutaibah and Thaqafi
A glance at the incident mentioned in this letter
Outcome
Investigation of credibility of sources mentioned in this letter
Evidences that show deviation in Al-Gharaat
The signs of interpolation in Evidence 1
Signs of forgery in Evidence 2
Results of the investigation of above evidences
A look towards inadvertency of Balazari to the contents of the letter of Ali
Three prime results of scrutiny of Ali’s letter
On the margin of scrutiny of the letter of Amirul Momineen (a.s.)
Scrutiny of Narrations about the secret meeting of Ali with Abu Bakr
Excuse for compromise with Abu Bakr!
Testimony to the superiority of Abu Bakr!
Caliphate was a bounty that God gave to Abu Bakr!
Accepting that inheritance of Prophet was Sadaqah!
The Prophet preferred Abu Bakr to others!
Deviated Consequences of Forged Narrations
What does history say?
Final conclusion about Bay’at by choice as Sunnis claim
520
520
521
523
523
523
524

524
526
528
528
528
531
531
533
534
534
536
536
537
537
538
538
539
540
540
541
543
543
545
547
547
548
549
549
549
549
549
551
553
SECTION TWO
INFLUENCE OF DEVIATION ON SHIA BELIEF OF IMAMATE
555
DISCOURSE ONE
IMAMATE AND CALIPHATE FROM SUNNI VIEWPOINT
555
  Conclusion 557
DISCOURSE TWO
SUNNI-INCLINED INTERPRETATIONS OF IMAMATE AND WILAYAT
565
  Perverted Repercussions of Conjecture on the subject of Alawi Government
Reminder
573
575
END
CAUTION OF WILAYAT AND WARNING OF HAZRAT ZAHRA (S.A.) ABOUT THE BEGINNING OF DEVIATION IN BELIEF OF IMAMATE
576