THE LIFE OF IMAM
AL-HASAN AL-MUJTABA

By:
Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi

Translation by:
Jasim al-Rasheed

Author: Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi
Translator: Jasim al-Rasheed
Editor: Abdullah Al-Shahin
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications – Qum
First Edition 1427 -2006 - 1385
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 744
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-794-5

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَى آدَمَ وَنُوحًا وَآلَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَآلَ عِمْرَانَ عَلَى الْعَالَمِينَ. ذُرِّيَّةً بَعْضُهَا مِنْ بَعْضٍ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ.

آل عمران 33 - 34

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمْ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا.

الأحزاب33

قُلْ لَا أَسْأَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلَّا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِي الْقُرْبَى وَمَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةً نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ.

الشورى 23

الَّذِينَ يُنْفِقُونَ فِي السَّرَّاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنْ النَّاسِ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ.

آل عمران 134

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE

Surely Allah chose Adam and Nuh and the descendants of Ibrahim and the
descendants of Imran above the nations. Offspring, one of the other; and
Allah is Hearing, Knowing. (Quran, 33-34)

Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the
House and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.(Quran, 33:33)

I do not ask of you any reward for it except love for (my) kin; and whoever
earns good, We will give him more of good; surely Allah is Forgiving,
Grateful. (Quran, 42:23)

Those who spend (benevolently) in ease as well as in straitness, and those
who restrain (their) anger and pardon men; and Allah loves the doers
of good (to others). (Quran, 134)

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication 4
Foreword 21
Introduction 25
Preface: The Hashemites and the Umayyads: Al-Hasan and Mu’awiya 31

Chapter I
The two Lights meet together

43
  Her High Position
Imam Ali proposes to Fatima
The Dower
The Trousseau
The Sermon of the Contract
The Banquet
The Wedding
 
45
46
48
49
50
51
52
 

Chapter II
The Newborn Child

55
  Rites at the Birth of a Child
1. The azan and the iqama
2. The Name
3. Aqiqa
4. Shaving the Hair
5. Circumcision
6. His kunya
His Nicknames
His Features
 
56
56
57
58
58
59
59
59
59
 

Chapter III
Cleverness and Genius

61
  His Memorizing of Traditions
 
63
 

Chapter IV
Honor and Laudation

66
  The Holy Qur’an
1. The Verse of Love (al-Mawadda)
2. The Verse of Purification (Tattheer)
The Verse is a Proof on the Protection from Sins
The People meant by the Verse
The Verse does not include the Prophet’s Wives
Ikrima’s Claims
The Verse of Mubahala
The Sura of Hal Ata
The Prophet’s Traditions
The first Group
The Second Group
The Third Group
The Muslims honor al-Hasan
 
66
66
68
68
68
70
71
72
73
75
75
77
82
86
 

Chapter V
The Great Tragedy

87
  The Farewell Pilgrimage
The Declaration at Ghadir Khum
The Prophet seeks Forgiveness
The Regiment of Usama
His Illness becomes more critical
Retaliation
Fatima feels Sorrow
The Prophet gives what he has as Alms
The great Disaster
To the High Comrade
 
88
88
92
93
96
97
98
99
100
102
 

Chapter VI
At the Time of the two Caliphs

106
  Al-Saqifa
Umar’s Explanatory Speech
The Ansar are surprised
The Pledge of Allegiance to Abu Bakr
Imam Ali refrains from paying Homage to Abu Bakr
Arguments and Debates
1. Imam Ali
2. Fatima Al-Zahra’
3. Imam al-Hasan
4. Salman al-Farisi
5. Ammar Bin Yasir
6. Khuzayma Bin Thabit
7. Abul Haythem bin al-Tayhan
8. Sahl bin Hunayf
9. Uthman bin Hunayf
10. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
11. Utba bin Abi Lahab
Imam Ali’s House is attacked
Fadak is confiscated
Abu Bakr regrets
Al-Zahra’s Sorrows
To the Most High Comrade
Imam Ali inclines to Isolation
Abu Bakr dies
The Caliphate of Umar
Imam Ali isolates himself
Umar is assassinated
The Consultative Committee
A Viewpoint on the Consultative Committee
The Election
 
107
109
111
112
116
117
117
119
123
123
124
125
125
125
125
126
126
126
128
131
133
135
139
140
143
144
145
147
152
155
 

Chapter VII
At the Time of Uthman

162
  His Pardoning Ubaydillah
Taha Husayn’s Defense
His Fiscal Policy
His Gifts to the Umayyads
Abu Sufyan
Al-Harith bin al-Hakam
Abdullah bin Sa’d
Al-Hakam bin Abi al-Aas
His Fighting against Islam
His Disparaging the Prophet
The Prophet curses him
The Prophet banishes him to al-Ta’if
His Return to Yathrib
His Undertaking the Endowments
Sa’eed Bin al-Aas
Al-Waleed Bin Aqaba
Marwan Bin al-Hakam
Uthman is criticized
Uthman apologizes
His Gifts to the Leading Personalities
He alone Possesses properties
With Dr. Taha Husayn
Reflection
Uthman’s Governors over the Cities
Al-Waleed Bin Aqaba
His Childhood
His Transgression
His Authority over Kufa
His Drinking Wine
Dr Taha Husayn’s Viewpoint
Al-Waleed is punished
Sa’eed Bin al-Aas
Abdullah Bin Aamir
Mu’awiya Bin Abi Sufyan
Abdullah Bin Sa’d
His Punishing the Prophet’s Companions
1. Abdullah Bin Mas‘ud
2. Abu Tharr
Uthman banishes Abu Tharr to al-Sham
Uthman banishes Abu Tharr to Al-Rabatha
3.Ammar Bin Yasir
Fabricated Lies against Imam al-Hasan
The Revolt
A. the Egyptian delegation
B. the Kufan delegation
C. The Delegation of Basrah
His Seeking Help from the Cities
The Day of the House
Imam al-Hasan’s Attitude
Uthman is finished off
 
164
167
169
170
170
171
171
171
172
172
172
173
173
173
174
174
174
176
177
178
179
180
181
183
184
184
185
186
186
186
189
191
193
195
197
199
199
202
204
205
209
213
215
216
216
216
219
220
221
221
 

Chapter VIII
The Ideals

223
  His Imamate
The meaning of the Imamate
People are in need of Imamate
The Imam’s Duties
His Qualities
His Appointment
His Noble Morals
His Generosity
His Worship and Fear of Allah
His Ritual Ablution and Prayers
His Performing the Hajj
Reciting the Qur’an
Giving his Properties as Alms
His Asceticism
His Dignity and Veneration
His Scientific Talents
His good Style and Eloquence
Social manners
Noble Moral Traits
Vices
Urging to seek Knowledge
The Excellence of Reason
The Excellence of the Qur’an
Supplication
Politics
A Companion
Munificence and good Deeds
Miserliness
Humbleness
Relying on Allah
Refuting Compulsion
Fear of Allah
Preaching and Guidance
Seeking Livelihood
Mosques
The manners of Having Food
Devotion to the Ahlul Bayt
Warning against those who distort Allah’s Book
Al-Shahid and al-Mashhood
Some of al-Hasan’s Sermons
His short, wise Sayings
His composing of Poetry
 
223
223
223
224
225
226
227
230
237
238
238
238
238
239
240
242
242
243
245
245
246
246
246
246
247
247
248
249
249
249
249
250
250
252
252
253
253
253
254
256
257
258
 

Chapter IX
At the Time of Imam Ali

259
  The Pledge of Allegiance
The Prophet’s Companions support the Imam
1. Thabit Bin Qays
2. Khuzayma Bin Thabit
3. Sa’sa’a Bin Souhan
4. Malik al-Ashtar
5. Uqba Bin Amr
Quraysh becomes silent with Fear
Al-Qu’aad. 265
Confiscating the plundered Properties
Deposing the Governors
Announcing Equality
Spreading of Justice
General Freedoms
His Recommendations to his Son al-Hasan
 
259
262
262
262
263
263
263
263
265
267
268
268
269
270
271
 

Chapter X
In Basra

278
  Talha and al-Zubayr’s mutiny against the Imam
A’isha rebels against the Imam
The Reasons for her Mutiny
The Declaration of the Rebellion
With Umm Salama
The Advance towards Basra
Al-Haw’ab
In the Quarters of Basra
The Conclusion of the Truce
Treachery and Treason
The Murder of Hakeem Bin Jabalah
Imam Ali seeks the Help of Kufa
Imam Ali delegates al-Hasan
Fabrication against Imam al-Hasan
The Two Parties meet
Ibn al-Zubayr’s Speech
Al-Hasan’s Speech
The Summons to Allah’s Book
The Declaration of the War
Al-Zubayr is killed
A’isha is surrounded
Al-Azd
Banu Dabba
Banu Najiya
The Camel is killed
A’isha is pardoned
The Amnesty
A’isha is released
 
278
281
283
286
287
289
290
292
294
294
296
296
298
302
304
306
306
307
308
309
311
311
312
312
312
313
314
314
 

Chapter XI
At Siffin

318
  Mu’awiya’s Mutiny
Delegation of Jareer
Mu’awiya corresponds with Amr
Perplexity and Astonishment
His Arrival in Sham
The Cheap Bargain
Jareer is rejected
Mu’awiya marches towards Siffin
Imam Ali gets ready for the Battle
Al-Hasan’s Oration
Al-Hasan with Sulayman
The March towards Siffin
The fighting for Water
Mediators are sent to Mu’awiya
Declaration of War
Al-Hasan with Ubaydillah
The Inclusive War
Ammar is martyred
Raising Copies of the Qur’an
The Great Sedition
Al-Ash‘ari is chosen
The Document of the Arbitration
The thought of the Harawriyya
Protest and Debates
The two Arbitrators hold a Meeting
Imam al-Hasan’s Speech
The Mutiny of the Kharijites
The Battle of al-Nahrawan
The horrible consequences
1. The Mutiny of the Troops
2. Losing his prominent Companions
3. Occupation and Invasion
4. Sedition of al-Khurayt
 
318
321
323
323
324
325
326
326
327
328
328
329
330
332
334
336
337
340
344
346
350
351
353
35
357
360
363
364
367
368
368
369
372
 

Chapter XII
The Demise of the Truth

374
  The Mean Plot
The Great Disaster
His Recommendations
Appointing al-Hasan as Imam
To the Better World
Imam Ali is prepared for Burial
The killer is punished
 
374
375
380
382
383
384
384
 

Chapter XIII
The Pledge of Allegiance

387
  1. Accepting the Caliphate
2. The general Pledge of Allegiance
3. Making the State firm
4. Historical Mistakes
A. Al-Mas‘udi
B. Farid Hajji
C. Al-Khudhari
D. Taha Husayn
 
393
394
394
395
395
395
395
396
 

Chapter XIV
The Cold War

398
  The Umayyad Conference
The Decisions of the Conference
Imam al-Hasan’s Note
Mu’awiya’s Answer
Ibn Abbas’s Note
Mu’awiya’s Answer
Ibn Abbas’s Letter to Imam al-Hasan
Imam al-Hasan’s Letter to Mu’awiya
Mu’awiya’s Answer
Mu’awiya’s Note
Imam al-Hasan’s Answer
 
398
399
399
400
400
400
401
404
408
412
413
 

Chapter XV
Declaration of War

414
  Mu’awiya’s Note to his Governors
The Iraqis are terrified
Choosing of Ubaydillah
The Number of the Army
A Description of the Army
1. The Shia
2. Al-Muhakkima
3. The Ambitious
4. The doubters
5. The Followers of Leaders
Historical Mistakes
Al-Hakim
Al-Ya‘qubi
Ibn Katheer
Dr. Taha Husayn
 
415
416
420
420
423
423
424
424
424
424
425
425
425
425
426
 
 

Chapter XVI
In al-Mada’in

428
  Maskan Events
Sending Spies
Bribing the prominent Personalities
Seducing Ubaydillah
Perfidy and Treason
The Army is disordered
Lies and Rumors
A Summary of the Events
The Events of Al-Mada’in
The Summons to Peace
Bribing the Leaders
The Effect of Bribe
Plundering Imam al-Hasan’s Properties
Accusing him of Unbelief
Assassinating Him
The terrible Attitude
 
428
429
429
429
430
431
432
433
433
434
434
435
436
437
437
439
 
 

Chapter XVII
The Reasons of the Peacemaking

443
  Al-Safadi
Dr. Philip Hatty
Al-Alaa’ili
R. M. Ronalds
Lamans
The Army is divided
The Party Opposition
The Harawri Party
Boredom of War
The Successive Battles
The Despair of Booties
Missing the aware Figures
The Summons to Peacemaking
Ubaydillah’s Treason
The Treason of Rabee’a
Mu’awiya’s Bribes
The false Rumors
The Enemy’s Forces
The Obedience of the Army
Simplicity and Naiveté
The unanimous Agreement
The huge Army
His Entourage
Enormous Properties
The Assassination of Imam Ali
Sparing of Blood
Mu’awiya’s Favor
Events of al-Mada’in
The Prophetic Traditions
Infallibility
1. Al-Shareef al-Murtadha
2. Sayyid Ibn Tawus
Showing the Umayyad Reality
Abu Sufyan and Hind
The Prophetic Traditions about Mu’awiya
His Hostility to the Prophet
Abolishing the prescribed Penalties
Regarding Usury as lawful
The azan in the Eid Prayer
The Sermon before the Eid Prayer
Imposing Zakat on Gifts
Perfuming himself
Using silver and gold Wares
Wearing silk Garments
Seizing the People’s Properties as lawful
Buying the Religions
His Dissoluteness and Impudence
Fabricating Traditions
Ascribing Ziyad to his Father
The inclusive Displeasure
A. Imam al-Hasan
B. Imam al-Husayn
C. Yunus Bin Ubayd
D. Abdurrahman bin al-Hakam
E. Abul Aryan
E. Abu Bakra
G. Yazid bin al-Mufarragh
H. Al-Hasan al-Basri
I. Al-Saktwari
His Governors
A. Samra Bin Jundub
B. Bisr Bin Arta’a
C. Abu Hurayra
D. Ziyad Bin Abeeh
The Inclusive Oppression
The Policy of Ahl al-Bayt
The Constructive Policy
Their Viewpoint of the Caliphate
The Ideals
Justice
Equality
Freedom
Frankness and Truthfulness
The Governors
Military Service
Fiscal Policy
 
443
444
444
444
445
446
447
447
449
449
449
451
451
451
452
452
454
454
455
456
457
458
458
459
460
460
461
461
462
464
464
465
466
467
470
473
474
474
475
476
476
476
476
477
477
477
478
481
489
494
494
495
495
495
497
498
499
500
501
502
504
507
509
512
514
517
518
518
519
520
521
522
522
525
526
527
 

Chapter XVIII
The Stipulations of the Peacemaking

531
  The Place of the Peacemaking
The Year of the Peacemaking
Study and Analysis
Mu’awiya should act according to Allah’s Book
The Succession
The general Security
Mu’awiya should not be called the Commander of the faithful
Witness is not borne in the presence of Mu’awiya
Mu’awiya should give up cursing Imam Ali
The general Security
The land tax of Dar Abjard
Mu’awiya should not oppress them
 
537
537
538
539
539
539
540
540
540
540
541
542
 

Chapter XIX
Imam al-Husayn’s Attitude

 

543

Chapter XX
Imam al-Hasan meets with Mu’awiya

551
  Imam al-Hasan’s Speech
The Attitude of Leader Qays
 
552
555
 

Chapter XXI
The Critics of the Peacemaking

559
  Hijr Bin Adiy
Adiy Bin Hatim
Al-Musayyab Bin Nujba
Malik Bin Dhamra
Sufyan Bin Abi Layla
Bashir al-Hamadani
Sulayman Bin Surad
Abdullah Bin al-Zubayr
Abu Sa‘eed
A Companion
 
559
560
561
562
562
563
563
565
565
566
 

Chapter XXIV
Mu’awiya violates the Stipulations of the Peacemaking

567
  His School
Being kind to the Poor
Seeking Protection with him
With Habeeb Bin Maslama
Imam al-Hasan refuses to be related by Marriage to the Umayyads
With Mu’awiya in Yathrib
The Political Party
 
569
570
571
573
574
576
578
 

Chapter XXIII
To Damascus

580
  His Debates
 
581
 

Chapter XXIV
Mu’awiya violates the Stipulations of the Peacemaking

606
  Cursing Imam Ali
The Deniers of the Cursing
Sa‘d Bin Abi Waqqas
Umm Salama
Abdullah Bin Abbas
Al-Ahnaf Bin Qays
Katheer Bin Katheer
Anees al-Ansari
Zayd Bin Arqam
Abu Bakra
The Land tax of Dar Abjard
The Followers of Imam Ali (a.s)
Hijr Bin Adiy
Hijr’s Companions are martyred for the Creed
Abdurrahman
Sayfi Bin Faseel
Qubaysa Bin Rabee‘a
Shurayk bin Shaddad al-Hadrami
Kaddam bin Hayyan al-‘Anzi
Muhriz bin Shihab al-Tamimi
The Echo of the Disaster
Imam al-Husayn
A’isha
Al-Rabee‘ Bin Ziyad
Al-Hasan al-Basri
Abdullah Bin Umar
Mu’awiya Bin Khudayj
Rasheed al-Hijri
Amr Bin al-Hamaq al-Khuza‘iy
Awfa Bin Hisn
Juwayriyya Bin Mus’hir al-Abdi
Abdullah Bin Yahya al-Hadhrami
Demolishing the Shia’s Houses
The Shia’s Witness is not accepted
Terrorism and Arresting
1. Muhammad Bin Abi Hudhayfa
2. Abdullah Bin Hashim al-Mirqal
3. Abdullah Bin Khalifa al-Ta’iy
4. Sa‘sa‘a Bin Souhan
5. Adiy Bin Hatim
6. Jariya Bin Qudama
Terrorizing the Wives of the Shia men
Al-Zarqa’, daughter of Adiy
Umm al-Khayr al-Bariqiyya
Souda, daughter of Imarah
Umm al-Bara’, daughter of Safwan
Bekara al-Hilaliya
Arwa, daughter of al-Harith
Ukrisha, daughter of al-Atrash
Al-Darimiyya al-Hajuniya
Imam al-Husayn holds a Meeting
The Pledge of Allegiance to Yazid
Al-Mughira’s Summons
Delegations of the Countries
Mu’awiya’s first Journey to Yathrib
Mu’awiya’s second Journey to Yathrib
Imam al-Husayn’s Speech
A’isha and the Allegiance to Yazid
 
607
613
613
614
614
617
618
618
619
619
620
620
622
628
629
630
631
632
632
632
633
633
633
634
635
635
635
636
637
641
642
642
643
643
643
644
645
648
650
654
656
657
657
659
662
664
665
667
671
672
674
675
678
679
686
691
691
693
 

Chapter XXV
His Wives and Children

695
  Al-Mansur’s fabricated Lies
Lamens’s Lies
1. Khawla al-Fazariyya
2. Ja’dah daughter of al-Ash‘ath
3. A’isha al-Khath‘amiyya
4. Umm Kulthoom daughter of al-Fadhl bin Abbas
5. Umm Ishaq daughter of Talha al-Tamimi
6. Umm Basheer daughter of Mas‘ud al-Ansari
7. Hind daughter of Abdurrahman bin Abi Bakr
8. A daughter of Amr bin Ahyam al-Manqari
9. A woman from Thaqif
10. A woman from Zarara’s daughters
11. A woman from Banu Shayban
12. Umm Abdullah
13. Umm al-Qasim
1. Al-Qasim
2. Abu Bakr
3. Abdullah
4. Zayd
5. Al-Hasan
 
702
704
705
706
707
708
708
708
708
708
708
708
708
708
708
708
710
710
710
711
 

Epilog

712
  Strange Sayings
1. His Death of Tuberculosis
2. His Death of a poisoned Stick
3. He was poisoned while circumambulating the Kaaba
4. He died a natural Death
His will to al-Husayn
His will to Muhammad
Toward the Most High Comrade
The Imam is prepared for Burial
Processions of Escorting
The Prayer over the Corpse
Great Sedition
A’isha permits Abdurrahman to be buried
At the Tomb
The Echo of the Disaster
1. Yathrib
2. Mecca
3. Basra
4. Kufa
Mu’awiya’s Delight
 
715
715
715
716
716
719
721
722
724
724
724
725
726
730
732
732
732
732
733
734
 

APPENDIX: ZIYARAH OF IMAM AL-HASAN 738