1

NAFASUL MAHMOOM

Relating to the heart rending tragedy of Karbala

By
Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
 

Translated By
Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)

 

Author: Haj Shaikh Abbas Qummi (a.r.)
Translator: Aejaz Ali Bhujwala (Al-Husainee)
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications Qum
First Edition 1425 -1383 - 2005
Thamin Al-a'immah Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 496
Size: 162 x 229 mm
ISBN: 964-438-654-X
 

ALL RIGHTS RECORDED AND RESERVED FOR THE PUBLISHER

 Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of  Iran
Tel: 0098 251 7741744 Fax: 7742647
Email: ansarian@noornet.net

www.ansariyan.net & www.ansariyan.org

 
 

5
About the Author 13
Translator'sNote 15
Author'sPreface 25
Introduction Birth of Our Master Imam Husain (a.s), the oppressed 29


Chapter I:
On virtues of Imam Husain (a.s), reward of weeping over his afflictions,imprecation upon his murderers, and prophesies regarding his Martyrdom

33

Section 1: On some of the virtues of Imam Husain (a.s)

35

  HisValor
Hisknowledge
Hismunificence and generosity
Hiseloquence, abstinence, humility, and worship
36
38
39
41
 
Section 2: Forty Traditions (Ahadeeth) regarding the merit of mourning over theafflictions of Imam Husain (a.s), the reward of invoking curse upon hismurderers, and prophesies regarding his martyrdom 44
  Tradition 1
Tradition 2
Tradition 3
Tradition 4
Tradition 5
Tradition 6
Tradition 7
Tradition 8
Tradition 9
Tradition 10
Tradition 11
Tradition 12
Tradition 13
Tradition 14
Tradition 15
Tradition 16
Tradition 17
Tradition 18
Tradition 19
Tradition 20
Tradition 21
Tradition 22
Tradition 23
Tradition 24
Tradition 25
Tradition 26
Tradition 27
Tradition 28
Tradition 29
Tradition 30
Tradition 31
Tradition 32
Tradition 33
Tradition 34
Tradition 35
Tradition 36
Tradition 37
Tradition 38
Tradition 39
Tradition 40
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ChapterII:
On what befell Imam Husain (a.s) before Yazeed bin Mu'awiyah claimedallegiance from him, until his Martyrdom

71
Section 1: Relating to the death of Mu'awiyah bin Abu Sufyan 74
  Mu'awiyah'swill to his son Yazeed 75
 
Section 2: The governor of Madina and Imam Husain(a.s) 78
 
Section 3: Discourse of Allamah Majlisi in Bihaar al-Anwaar 83
  Conversationof Angels with Imam Husain (a.s) 86
The armyof genie in defense of Imam Husain (a.s)
Dialogueof Ummu-Salamah (a.s) with Imam Husain (a.s) during his journey
Conversationof Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari with Imam Husain(a.s)
86
86
87
88
 
Section 4: On Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention on proceeding towards Makkah (from Madina)and the letters addressed to him by the people of Kufa 90
  Lettersof the people of Kufa to Imam Husain (a.s) 91
 
Section 5: Muslim bin Aqeel's departure from Makkah in Mid-Ramazan according to thediscourse by Mas'oodi 95
  No'manbin Basheer issues warning to the people of Kufa
Anaccount of the personality of No'man bin Basheer
96
97
 
Section 6: Imam's letter to the noblemen of Basra

99
 
Section 7: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad's exit from Basra towards Kufa 104
 
Section 8: Ubaydullah in Kufa 107
  Muslimbin Aqeel (a.s) taken to the presence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s)
Martyrdomof Hani bin Urwah Muradi
Appendix
Pilgrimageto the grave of Hani bin Urwah Muradi
120
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124
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Maytham bin Yahya at Tammar 129
  Meetingbetween Habeeb bin Muzhaahir and Maytham at-Tammaar
TheCommander of the faithful Imam Ali (a.s) reveals his mysteries to a well
Martyrdomof Rushayd al Hajari (May Allah sanctify his spirit)
Anaccount of the personality of Abu Arakah
Martyrdom of Hujr bin Adi
Martyrdom of Amr bin Humaq
Martyrdomof the two infant sons of Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib (a.s)
130
132
135
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139
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153
 
Section 10: Imam Husain (a.s)'s intention of proceeding towards Iraq from Makkah 158
 
Section 11: Relating to Imam Husain (a.s)'s departure from Makkah towards Iraq 165
 
Section 12: Information to Al-Hurr bin Yazeed ar Riyahi, his encounter with Imam Husain(a.s) and resisting him from going towards Kufa 177
 
Section 13: Imam Husain (a.s) on way to Kufa 189
 
Section 14: Imam Husain (a.s)'s hault at the ground of Karbala, Umar bin Sa'ad's entry,and the circumstances thereat 192
  Ubaydullahbin Ziyad's letter to Imam Husain (a.s) 196
   
Section 15: Imam Husain (a.s) in Karbala 201
 
Section 16: Shimr bin Ziljawshan's arrival at Karbala and the events on the night ofninth Moharram 205
  Proposalof security to Abbas bin Ali (a.s) 207
 
Section 17: Relating to the events of the night of Ashoora (the tenth of Moharram) 210
 
Section 18: Relating to the events of the day of Ashooraa, the array of the two armiesand Imam Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa  218
  ImamHusain (a.s)'s sermon on the day of Ashoora
Zuhairbin Qayn's address amidst the people of Kufa
Speechof Burayr bin Khuzayr
ImamHusain (a.s)'s address to the people of Kufa
221
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Section 19: Praise of the battle of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s) and theirMartyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them)  230
  Al-Hurrbin Yazeed joins Imam Husain (a.s)
Martyrdomof Burayr bin Khuzayr
Martyrdomof Amr bin Qartah Ansari
Martyrdomof Muslim bin Awsaja
Remindingfor Prayers by Abu Samamah Saedi and the Martyrdom of Habeeb bin Muzhaahir
Martyrdomof Al-Hurr bin Yazeed
Martyrdomof Nafe' bin Hilal
Martyrdomof Abdullah and Abdul Rahman Ghifari
Martyrdomof Hanzalah bin al-Aas'ad Shabami
Martyrdomof Shawzib and Abis
Martyrdomof Abul Sha'sa Kindi
Martyrdomof a collective number of companions of Imam Husain (a.s)
Martyrdomof Suwayd bin Amr bin Abi Muta'
Recedingto the account of the condition of the companions of Imam Husain (a.s)
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Section 18: Combat of the member's of Imam Husain (a.s)'s Household (Ahlulbayt) andtheir Martyrdom (May Allah be pleased with them) 267
  Martyrdomof Abul Hasan Ali bin Husain al Akbar (a.s)
RegardingUrwah bin Mas'ood, the maternal (great) grandfather of Ali Akbar (a.s)
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Muslim bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Aun bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Mohammad bin Abdullah bin Ja'far bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdul Rahman bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah al Akbar bin Aqeel bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Qasim bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof the sons of the Commander of the faithful Ali(a.s)
Martyrdomof Abdullah bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Ja'far bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Usman bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Mohammad al Asghar bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Martyrdomof Abu Bakr bin Ali bin Abi Talib
Relatingto the Martyrdom of our Master Abbas bin Ali bin Abi Talib(a.s)
Description of the valour of Hazrat Abbas(a.s)
267
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Section 19: Relating to the Martyrdom of Our Master Abu Abdullah Husain (a.s), andfurthermore the Martyrdom of a suckling child and Abdullah bin Hasan (a.s) 296
  Martyrdomof the suckling child (Abdullah, Ali al Asghar) 298
 

Chapter III :
Relating To TheIncidents After The Martyrdom

313
Section 1: After Martyrdom 315
 
Section 2: Plundering of the belongings of Imam Husain (a.s) and the wailing of thewomenfolk of the Household (Ahlulbayt) 317
 
Section 3: Looting of the heads of the martyrs, jewelery of the women folk and Camelsof the Master of the oppressed by the Kufan army 320
 
Section 4: Incidents of the evening of the tenth of Moharram (Ashura) and despatchingthe blessed heads to the accursed Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 323
 
Section 5: Exit of Umar bin Sa'ad from Karbala to Kufa 326
 
Section 6: Relating to the burial of our Master Imam Husain (a.s) and his companions 329
 
Section 7: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) of Imam Husain (a.s) into Kufa  
  SayyedahZainab binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s remonstration amidst the people of Kufa and his reproach tothem for their breach of trust and deception
SayyedahUmme Kulsum binte Ali (a.s)'s sermon in Kufa
334

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Section 8: Relating to the entry of the Household of Imam Husain (a.s) into thepresence of Ubaydullah bin Ziyad 343
 
Section 9: Martyrdom of Abdullah bin Afeef Azdi 349
 
Section 10: Ubaydullah bin Ziyad despatches Abdul Malik Salami to Madinah with the newsof Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s), and the sermon of Abdullah bin Zubayr inMakkah 353
 
Section 11: Despatching of the blessed heads and the Pure Household by Ubaydullah binZiyad, the accursed, from Kufa to Syria, and the events that occurredthereafter 357
 
Section 12: A short account of the events taken place en route to Syria 362
 
Section 13: Entry of the Household (Ahlulbayt) into Syria and the blessed head inDamascus 365
  SayyedahZainab (a.s)'s sermon in the presence of Yazeed, the accursed, on the first ofthe month of Safar
Imam Alibin Husain (a.s)'s sermon
Dream ofSayyedah Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s)
Dream ofthe wife of Yazeed and her lamenting upon Imam Husain (a.s)
Dream ofthe infant daughter of Imam Husain (a.s)
Incidentpertaining to an envoy of the Roman king in the court of Yazeed

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Section 14: Despatching of the Household (Ahlulbayt) by Yazeed from Syria to Madinah 395
  Entry ofthe Household into Madinah, and their mourning upon Imam Husain (a.s)
Sermonof Imam Ali Zainul Abedeen (a.s)
Lamentationof Ali bin Husain (a.s)
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Chapter IV:
Relating to the events that manifested after the Martyrdom of Abi AbdullahImam Husain (a.s), the weeping of the heavens and the earth and theirinhabitants, wailing of the Angels in the Audience of Allah, the Glorified, forImam, the lamentation of Genies, and the elegies of poets

407
Section 1: Mourning of the Heavens and Earth and its inhabitants upon Imam Husain (a.s) 407
  Anaccount of Zuhri on the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) 409
 
Section 2: Complaining of the Angels regarding the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s) inthe Audience of Allah and their lamenting upon him 416
 
Section 3: Bemoaning of the Genies upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)

419
  Incidentof the congregation of Imam Moosa al Kazim (a.s) on the day of Nawrooz
Elegiesof poets expressing grief upon the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (a.s)
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Chapter V :
Relating to the number of children and wives of Imam Husain (a.s), the meritof visiting his blessed grave, and the oppression of the Caliphs upon his grave

423
Section 1: The children of Imam Husain (a.s) and some of his wives 425
  Asregards Sakinah, daughter of Imam Husain (a.s) 427
 
Section 2: Merit of visiting the grave of Imam Husain(a.s) 430
 
Section 3: Oppression of the Caliphs upon the blessed grave of Imam Husain (a.s) 441
  ConclusionAn account of the Tawwabeen (Penitents) and the rising of Mukhtar bin AbuUbaydah Saqafi to avenge the blood of Imam Husain(a.s)
Anaccount of the Tawwabeen (Penitents)
Entry ofMukhtar into Kufa
Thedeparture of the Tawwabeen and their Martyrdom
Movement of Mukhtar in Kufa
Theelimination of the murderers of Imam Husain (a.s) by Mukhtar
Eliminationof Umar bin Sa'ad and other murderors of Imam Husain (a.s)
Ibraheembin Malik Ashtar leaves for battle with Ubaydullah bin Ziyad
Eliminationof Ubaydullah bin Ziyad

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