The life of
Imam Husain ('a)

Author: Baqir Sharif al-Qarashi
Translator: Sayyid Athar Husain S.H. Rizvi
Publisher: Ansariyan Publications
First Edition 2007-1386-1428
Quds Press
Quantity: 2000
Number of Pages: 888
Size: 162 X 229 mm
ISBN: 978-964-438-889-7

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER

Ansariyan Publications
P.O. Box 187
22 Shohada St., Qum
Islamic Republic of Iran
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Email: ansarian@noornet.net
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedicated
 
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At your service, O chief of the Noble ones!
 
27
 
Introduction
 
29
 
Offspring of Prophethood  "Part 1" 47
  Mother
Father
The first new-born
Dream of Ummul Fadl
The Blessed Birth
Grief and weeping of the Holy Prophet (s)
Year of Imam Husain’s (‘a) birth
Birth ceremonies of Imam Husain (‘a)
First: Azan and Iqamah
Second: Naming
Statements opposed to facts
Third: Aqiqa Ceremony
Fourth: Shaving of the head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Fifth: Circumcision
Attention of the Prophet (s) towards Imam Husain (‘a)
Amulet of the Holy Prophet (s) for Imams Hasan and Husain (‘a)
Appearance of Imam Husain (‘a)
Awe of Imam Husain (‘a)
Titles of Imam Husain (‘a)
Patronymic of Imam Husain (‘a)
Inscription on the Ring stone of Imam Husain (‘a)
Use of Perfume
Residence
Upbringing and Training
Heritage
Family
The Prophet’s Training
Imam Amirul Momineen’s (‘a) Training
Her Eminence, Fatima’s (‘a) Training to Imam Husain (‘a)
Environment
In the Shade of Quran and Sunnah
Under the shade of Quran
Verse of Purification
A – Who are the “Ahle Bayt” (People of the House)?
B – Exclusion of the Prophet’s wives in the verse of Purification
C – False Claims of Akrama and Maqatil
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Offspring of Prophethood  "Part 2"  
  Akrama in Mizanul Etedal
Maqatil bin Sulaiman
Weak arguments of Akrama and Maqatil
The Proof of the Verse of Purification on Infallibility
The Verse of Love
Razi’s Opinion
Verse of Malediction
Verse of the Righteous
In the Shade of Sunnah
First Group
Second Group
Deep Love
Third Group
The Messenger of Allah Prophesied the martyrdom
Respect Accorded by Companions to Imam Husain (‘a)
Examples of the Merits of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imamate of Imam Husain (‘a)
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Characteristics of the Personality of Imam Husain (‘a) 104
  1 – Firm Determination
2 – Refusal to accept Injustice
3 – Valor
4 – Frankness
5 – Firmness on the Path of Truth
6 – Patience and Forbearance
7 – Forbearance
8 – Humility
9 – Kindness and Affection
10 – Charity
 
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Worship and Piety of Imam Husain (‘a) 120
  A – Imam Husain (‘a) and his fear of God
B – Excessive Prayer and fasting of Imam Husain (‘a)
C – Hajj of Imam Husain (‘a)
D – Charitable nature of Imam Husain (‘a)
 
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Intellectual Talents of Imam Husain (‘a) 121
  Referring to Imam Husain (‘a) for religious Verdict
Gathering of Imam Husain (‘a)
Narrators from Imam Husain (‘a)
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) from his grandfather
Reports of Imam Husain (‘a)
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) narrated from his mother
Traditions of Imam Husain (‘a) from his father, Ali (‘a)
About the astonishing inheritance of Imam Husain (‘a)
Predestination
Self-sufficient
Monotheism
Enjoining Good
Types of Jihad (Holy War)
Legislation of fasting
Types of worship
Love for Ahle Bayt (‘a)
Lofty Morals
Legislation of the Call of Prayer
Brothers
Knowledge and Experience
Meaning of Charity
Advice and Guidance
 
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Sermons of Imam Husain (‘a)
 
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Supplications of Imam Husain (‘a) 144
  1 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) for warding off the enemies
2 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) for rain
3 – Supplication of Imam Husain (‘a) on the Day of Arafah
 
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Some sayings of Imam Husain (‘a) 154
  Among the Poems
 
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The Great Disaster in Islam 161
  Sign of Passing away
Farewell Hajj
Gathering of Ghadeer Khumm
The Prophet’s Illness
Seeking Forgiveness of those Buried in Baqi Cemetery
Usamah’s Expedition
The Prophet Allows Retaliation
The Prophet gave his Personal wealth in Charity
Thursday Tragedy
The Great Grief of Her Eminence, Zahra (‘a)
The Prophet’s Heritage for his two grandsons
The Prophet’s Bequest regarding his Grandsons
The Prophet’s Sorrow for Husain (‘a)
Towards Paradise
Funeral Ceremony of the Holy Prophet (s)
Funeral Prayer of the Holy Prophet (s)
The Prophet’s Burial
Difficulties of the Purified Progeny
Rule of the Two Shaykhs (Abu Bakr and Umar)
Saqifa gathering
Motives of Saqifah Meet
Political statement of Saad
Criticism against Saad
Weakness of Ansar
Jealousy and Enmity
Umar’s Planning
Some Important Points
Ansar Surprised
 
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Abu Bakr’s Discourse 196
  Research and Investigation
Allegiance of Abu Bakr
Celebration of Quraish
Role of Abu Sufyan
Defeat of Ansar
Reaction of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
The Imam’s Refusal to Pay Allegiance
Forcing Imam Ali (‘a) for allegiance
Dreadful Steps
Economic Embargo
A – Abrogation of Khums
B – Confiscation of the Prophet’s Inheritance
Abu Bakr’s Argument and Justification
Lady Zahra’s Discourse to Abu Bakr
Arguments of Her Eminence, Zahra (s.a)
Confiscation of Fadak
Calamities of Her Eminence, Zahra (a.s)
Towards Paradise
Officials and Governors of Abu Bakr
Economic Policies of Abu Bakr
Entrusting the Caliphate to Umar
 
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Umar’s Reign 225
  Economic Policy of Umar
Umar’s Critics
Umar’s Arguments
Umar’s Regret
Internal Policies of Umar
Freedom of Companions of the Prophet Restricted
Justification of Taha Husayn
Officials and Governors appointed by Umar
Supervision of Governors
Seclusion of Imam Ali (‘a)
Umar and His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
His Eminence Husain (‘a) and the Family of Umar
Assassination of Umar
Shura
Umar with the Members of Shura Committee
Procedure of Shura Committee
Warning to the Companions
The Imam’s Reaction
The Imam’s Acceptance
Problems of Shura
Mode of Selection
 
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Uthman’s Reign 260
  Aspects of Uthman’s Personality
Administrative System of Uthman
Officials and Governors of Uthman
1 – Saeed Ibn Aas
2 – Abdullah bin Aamir
3 – Walid bin Uqbah
4 – Abdullah Ibn Saad
5 – Muawiyah bin Abi Sufyan
Economic Policies of Uthman
Uthman’s Bestowals to the Umayyads
Uthman’s Generosity to Nobles
Allotment of Land to Feudal Lords
Appropriating Public Wealth for Personal Needs
Opposing Groups
Crushing the Opponents
1 – Ammar bin Yasir
2 – Abu Zar
Abu Zar’s Imprisonment in Syria
Abu Zar Imprisoned in Rabadha
Statements of His Eminence, Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a)
Words of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Statements of Imam Husain (‘a)
Ammar’s Discourse
3 – Abdullah Ibn Masood
Revolution
Another Message to Frontier Military Officials
Delegations from Different provinces
A – Egyptian Delegation
B – Kufian Delegation
C – Basran Delegation
Memorandum of Egyptians to Uthman
Uthman Sought Imam’s Help
Uthman Breaks the Pledge
Uthman Seeks Muawiyah’s Help
Uthman Besieged
Day of the House
Attack on Uthman
Effects of Uthman’s Regime
 
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Period of Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a) Part 1 303
  Disinclination and Silence of Imam (‘a)
Conference of the Armed Forces
Imam’s Acceptance
Allegiance
Sanitizing of Government Machinery
Nationalization of Embezzled wealth
Quraishites Panic
Afflictions of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Policies of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Economic Policy of Imam Ali (‘a)
Internal Policy of Imam Ali (‘a)
Equality
Freedom
Political Freedom
1 – Freedom of Expression
2 – Freedom of Criticism
Universal Justice
National Integration
Training and Education
Governors and Officers of Imam Ali (‘a)
Supervision on Governors
Keeping away the Opportunists
Keeping away the Greedy Elements
Frankness and Truthfulness
With Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Ali’s Prophecies on the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (‘a)
With the Nakiseen and Qasiteen
Nakiseen
Motive for Rebellion
Muawiyah and Defrauding of Zubair
Conference of Mecca
Resolutions of the conference
Equipping the Army with Plundered Items
Political Discourse of Ayesha
Ayesha and Umme Salma
Ayesha moves to Basra
Askar
Hawwab
In Basra
Conflict over Leading Prayers
Imam’s Messengers to Kufa
The Two Armies Come face to Face
Messengers of Conciliation
Calling by the Quran
 
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  Period of Imam Amirul Momineen Ali (‘a) Part 2 340
  General Battle
Zubair is Killed
Killing of Talha
Ayesha Leads the Army
Cutting off the camel’s legs
General Amnesty
Consequences of the Battle
Qasiteen (Rebels)
Sending of Jurair
Muawiyah and Amr Ibn Aas
Sending back of Jurair
Uthman’s Shirt
Muawiyah’s Mobilization of Army towards Siffeen
Imam comes out for the battle
Obtaining control over the Euphrates
Messengers of Armistice
The Battle
Restraining Hasan and Husain (‘a) from the Battle
Ammar’s Martyrdom
Ibn Aas’ Ruse
Arbitration
Arbitration Document
The Imam’s Return to Kufa
With the Mariqeen
The Two Arbitrators hold a Meeting
Mutiny of the Mariqeen
Battle against Mariqeen
After effects of the Battle
Muawiyah’s victory
Dissipation of Imam’s army
Conquest of Egypt
Attacks
Attack on Iraq
Attack on Hijaz and Yemen
Chaos and Disorder of Khawarij
Supplication of the Imam (‘a) for himself
Demise of the Rightful Government
Conference of Mecca
Valueless Opinion
The Umayyad Plot
Imam’s Assassination
Towards the Eternal Abode
Effects of the Imam’s Government
 
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Caliphate of His Eminence, Hasan (‘a) 387
  1 – Cruelty to the Imam
2 – Associating Infidelity with Imam Hasan (‘a)
3 – The Great Breach of Trust
4 – Plundering Sources and Capital of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Treaty
Reaction of Imam Husain (‘a)
Adi bin Hatim
Transformation of Caliphate
 
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 Muawiyah’s Rule 392
  Muawiyah’s Fiscal Policy
Economic Deprivation
1. Yathrib
2. Iraq
3. Egypt
Prosperity in Syria
Muawiyah Employed wealth for strengthening his rule
Muawiyah’s great bestowals to his clansmen
Amr Aas sanctioned the Tax of Egypt
Largesse upon the supporters
Purchase of Faith
Deficiency of Central Treasury
Confiscating the properties of citizens
Agricultural Income
Plunder carried out by governors and Agents
Tax collection
Hoarding of Gold and Silver
Economic Progress Paralyzed
Muawiyah’s Justification
Policy of disintegration and favoritism
Oppression of Non-Arabs
Tribal Prejudice
Policy of intimidation and violence
Considering the poor people as despised
Policy of Deceit and Intrigue
Spread of opportunism
Insult and Unrestrained Behavior
Spread of Unrestrained behavior in Mecca and Medina
Considering religious values unimportant
Joining Ziyad with his lineage
 
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Objection of Imam Husain (‘a) 412
  Muawiyah’s Animosity towards the Prophet
Transforming the realities of Islam
Muawiyah’s Behavior with Ahle Bayt (‘a)
1. Control over Preachers
2. Using the centers of Education
3. Fabricating Traditions
Fabricated Traditions Regarding Imam Husain (‘a)
Imprecation of Imam Amirul Momineen (‘a)
Concealing the Merits of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
Preventing the Remembrance of Imam (‘a)
Behavior with Shias
Mass Killings
Eliminating Great Shia Thinkers
1. Hujr bin Adi
Protest of Imam Husain (‘a)
2. Rushaid bin Hijri
3. Amr bin Hamaq al-Khuzai
Imam Husain's Memo
4. Awfa bin Haseen
5. Hadhrami and his companions
Objection of Imam Husain (‘a)
6. Juwayriyya Abadi
7. Saifi bin Faseel
8. Abdur Rahman Anzi
Prominent Shia Personalities who bore tortures and sorrows
Intimidation of ladies
Demolishing Shias houses
Depriving Shias from Public Treasury
Testimonies of Shias not accepted
Banishment of Shias to Khorasan
 
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Allegiance of Yazid 432
  Birth of Yazid
Yazid’s Upbringing
Yazid’s characteristics
Yazid’s fondness for Hunting
Fondness for Monkeys
Habitual Alcoholism of Yazid
Yazid’s Cronies
Muawiyah’s advice to Yazid
Defense of Yazid by Muhammad Izzat Druze
Muawiyah accepted the wanton behavior of Yazid
Yazid’s Malice to the Holy Prophet (s)
Yazid’s Malice to Emigrants
Mughairah’s invitation for Yazid’s allegiance
Granting Immunity to Muawiyah
1. Ahmad Dahlan
2. Dr. Abdul Munim
3. Husain Muhammad Yusuf
Opinion of Hasan Basri
Statement of Ibn Rushd
Muawiyah’s Motives
Diplomatic tricks for obtaining allegiance
1. Use of Poets
Doling out wealth to prominent persons
Correspondence with Governors
Delegations from Islamic countries
Conference of Islamic Delegations
Supporters of Allegiance
Speech of Ahnaf bin Qais
Failure of the Conference
Muawiyah’s Journey to Medina
A closed door meeting
Muawiyah’s Speech
Speech of Abdullah bin Abbas
Speech of Abdullah bin Ja’far
Speech of Abdullah bin Zubair
Statements of Abdullah bin Umar
Muawiyah’s Discourse
Consternation of Muslims
Opposition group
1. His Eminence, Imam Husain (‘a)
Fiscal Deprivation
2. Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr
3. Abdullah bin Zubair
4. Mundhir bin Zubair
5. Abdur Rahman bin Saeed
6. Abis bin Saeed
7. Abdullah bin Hanzalah
Attitude of the Umayyad clan
1. Saeed bin Uthman
2. Marwan bin Hakam
3. Ziyad bin Abih
Seeds of dissent among the Umayyads
Postponing the Allegiance
Assassination of Muslim personages
1. Saad bin Abi Waqqas
2. Abdur Rahman bin Khalid
3. Abdur Rahman bin Abi Bakr
4. His Eminence, Imam Hasan (‘a)
Official Announcement for Allegiance
With the opponents in Medina
Statements of His Eminence, Imam Husain (‘a)
Pressurizing the Opponents
Attitude of Imam Husain (‘a)
Delegations of Islamic countries
Marwan’s Memorandum to Muawiyah
Muawiyah’s Reply
Marwan’s Opinion Regarding Exiling the Imam
Muawiyah’s Letter to Imam Husain (‘a)
The Imam’s Reply
Muawiyah’s Anguish on Receiving the Imam’s Letter
Public Political Meeting
Judah’s Letter to the Imam
Imam’s Reply
Khudri’s Advice to the Imam (‘a)
Imam Husain (‘a) takes over Government Funds
A Fabricated Tradition
His Eminence, Husain (‘a) and Bani Umayyah
Muawiyah’s Death
Muawiyah’s Testaments
 
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Yazid’s Rule 474
  First Royal Address
Yazid speaks to Syrias
With the Opponents in Medina
Emphatic orders to Walid
Walid’s Consternation
Consulting Marwan
Marwan’s Advice
Explanation of Marwan’s attitude
Summons for Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Husain (‘a) and Marwan
Walid contacts Damascus
Strict orders from Damascus
Non-acceptance of Walid
Farewell to the Prophet’s Tomb
Imam Husain (‘a) sees his Grandfather in his Dream
Imam Husain’s farewell to the Graves of his mother and brother
Fear of Bani Hashim Ladies
With his brother, Ibn Hanafiyah
Imam Husain’s bequest to Ibn Hanafiyah
 
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Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 1 490
  Causes of the Revolution
1. Religious responsibility
2. Social Responsibility
3. Completion of Argument for Imam Husain (‘a).
4. Defense of Islam
5. Protecting Islam
6. Freeing the Aspirations of the Nation
7. Freeing the National Economy
8. Social Injustice
9. Terrible Atrocities on Shias
10. Destroying the name of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
11. Destruction of Islamic Values
A. Unity of Muslims
B. Equality:
C. Freedom:
12. Trampling of the society
13. Defending his own rights
14. Enjoining Good
15. Uprooting Innovations
16. Order of the Prophet
17. Respect and honor
18. Deceit and tyranny of Umayyads
Valueless Opinion
Charting out the Course of Revolution
1. Sacrificing his own life
2. Sacrificing his family Members
3. Sacrificing his property
4. Taking the ladies of his family with him
In Mecca
With Abdullah bin Muti’
Imam Husain (‘a) in Mecca
Attention of Hajj Pilgrims and Umrah visitors
Consternation of Ibn Zubair
Ghazzali’s view
Cheap view
Anxiety of the local regime
Yazid’s Anxiety
Response of Ibn Abbas
 
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  Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 2 519
  Deposition of Governor of Medina
His Eminence, Husain (‘a) with Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas
Bequest of Imam Husain (‘a) to Ibn Abbas
Letters of Imam Husain (‘a) to Leaders of Basra
Reply of Ahnaf bin Qais
Evil Deeds of Mundhir bin Jarud
Positive Reply of Yazid bin Masud
Yazid bin Masud’s Reply to Imam (‘a)
Positive Reply of Yazid Basri
Opposition of Iraq to Umayyads
Announcement of Disobedience in Iraq
Public Conference
Sulaiman’s Speech
Delegation of Kufa
Letters
Muslim Delegated for Iraq
Muslim’s Letter to the Holy Imam (‘a)
Reply of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Explanation of the Matter
In the House of Mukhtar
Celebrations in Kufa
Taking Allegiance for Imam Husain (‘a)
Speech of Abbas Shakiri
Number of Pledge-makers
Letter of Muslim to Imam Husain (‘a)
Reaction of Noman bin Bashir
Noman’s Speech
Anger of Umayyad Party
Contact of Umayyad Party with Damascus
Yazid’s Worry
Yazid takes Sarjun’s Counsel
Ibn Ziyad’s Rule in Kufa
Ibn Ziyad’s Speech in Basra
The Tyrant goes to Kufa
At the Governor’s Palace
Ibn Ziyad’s Speech in Kufa
Spread of Terror and Fear
Muslim Shifts to Hani’s House
Muslim Refrained from Killing Ibn Ziyad
Explanation of this Event
Horrible Plot
Spying upon Muslim
With the Organs of the Revolution
Bribing the leaders and elders
Refraining from Attacking Hani’s House
Messengers of Deceit
Hani’s Detention
Revolt of Madhij Tribe
Muslim’s Uprising
 
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  Imam Husain’s Revolution: Activities and programs Part 3  
  War of Nerves
Epidemic of Terror and Fear
Defeat of the army
As a Guest of Tawa
The Tyrant becomes certain of the Failure of the Uprising
Announcement of Emergency
Standard of security
A Doubt
Ibn Ziyad Speaks
Information Regarding Muslim’s whereabouts
Muslim Attacked
Soldiers Defeated
Ashath Guarantees Security
Muslim taken Prisoner
With Ubaidullah Sulami
With Bahili
In the Presence of Ibn Ziyad
Muslim’s Bequest
Muslim and the Oppressor
Towards God
Plundering Muslim
Hani is sentenced to Death
Dragging the corpses of Muslim and Hani through the streets
Hanging the Corpses at City Gate
Severed heads taken to Damascus
Yazid’s reply
Declaring Martial Law
Sealing Borders of Iraq
Widespread Arrests
 
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Failure of the Uprising 582
  Kufian Society
Social Phenomena
Contradictory Behavior
Disloyalty and Deceit
Rebellion against Governors
Cowardice
Bad Manners
Greed and Jealousy
Influenced by Rumors
Economic Life
Social Factors
Arabs
Yemeni Tribes
Adnani Tribes
Bani Bakr Tribes
Tribal Spirit
Persians
Anbat
Syrians
Religious Groups
1. Islam
2 – Christians
3 – Jews
Military Organization
Seven-division System
Experts of Tribal Affairs
The Tyrant Ibn Marjana
Birth of Ibn Marjana
Parents
Upbringing of Ibn Marjana
Characteristics of Ibn Marjana
Bad Accent
Gluttony and Debauchery
Ibn Ziyad’s Rule in Basra
Yazid’s Dislike for Ibn Marjana
Plan for Coup d’etat
Muslim bin Aqil
 
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Selection of Migration to Iraq 604
  Abandoning Hijaz
Avoiding Egypt
Avoiding Yemen
Avoiding Iran
Avoiding Basra
Sympathizers and critics
Sympathizers
1. Masoor bin Mukhrama
2. Abdullah bin Ja’far
3. Abdullah bin Abbas
4. Abu Bakr Makhzumi
5. Abdullah bin Judah
6. Jabir bin Abdullah
7. Abdullah bin Muti
8. Amr bin Saeed
9. Muhammad bin Hanafiyah
10. Her Eminence, Umme Salma
11. Abdullah bin Zubair
Critics
1. Abdullah Ibn Umar
2. Saeed bin Musayyab
3. Abu Waqid Laithi
4. Abu Salma
5. Abu Saeed
6. Ammarah binte Abdur Rahman
Modern Critics
1. Shaykh Muhammad Hadhari
2. Muhammad Najjar
3. Muhammad Ghazzali
4. Ahmad Shibli
 
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Towards Iraq 622
  Imam’s letter to Bani Hashim
Bani Hashim People join the Imam
Why Imam left Mecca?
1. Safety of the Sanctuary
2. Fear of being Killed
3. Muslim’s Letter
Imam’s discourse in Mecca
Conclusion of Umrah
Departure before Hajj
With Ibn Zubair
Journey to Iraq
The regime pursues the Holy Imam
Connection of Damascus with Kufa
Attitude of Umayyads
1. Letter of Walid bin Utbah
Misunderstanding of Ibn Kathir
2. Ashdaq’s Letter
Confiscating Yazid’s wealth
Meeting with Farazdaq
Letter of the Imam to people of Kufa
With Abu Harra
With an Arab Shaykh
Worry of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
With Zuhair bin Qain
The Tragic News of Muslim’s Martyrdom
News of Abdullah’s Martyrdom
Dream of Imam Husain (‘a)
Encounter with Hurr
Imam’s sermon
Imam’s Discourse
Argument between His Eminence, Husain (‘a) and Hurr
A Fabricated report
Error of Ibn Anba
Discourse of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Some people of Kufa join Imam (‘a)
With Tirmah
With Ubaidullah bin Hurr
With Amr bin Qais
Ibn Ziyad’s Letter to Hurr
Location of Tents
 
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In Kerbala 656
  A man from Bani Asad waits for Imam (‘a)
The Imam’s letter to Ibn Hanafiyah
With Harthima bin Salmi
Anas bin Harith Joins Imam (‘a)
Ibn Ziyad’s letter to His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Deployment of the Kufan Army
Ibn Saad selected as Commander-in-chief
Prophecy of Allah’s Messenger regarding Ibn Saad’s end
Saad’s hatred for his son Umar
Harun Rashid Curses Umar Saad
Ajali considers Ibn Saad a reliable narrator
Habits and Nature of Ibn Saad
A. Surrender to Governor’s Rule
B. Severe Greed for Rulership
C. Decadence
D. Cowardice and Fearfulness
E. Doubt in Resurrection
Reasons for selection of Ibn Saad
Anxiety of Ibn Saad
Those who tried to stop Ibn Saad
March Past
Speech of Ibn Marjana
Samrah encouraged people to fight the Imam
Shabth bin Rabi feigned Illness
Public Mobilization
Strict Surveillance on Kufa
Flight of Soldiers
The Tyrant Ibn Ziyad in Nukhaila
Plan to kill Ibn Ziyad
Number of Umayyad Soldiers
Research on this topic
Military Commanders
Arming the soldiers
1. Archers
2. Foot soldiers
3. Armored soldiers
Number of Companions of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Ibn Saad’s Messenger meets Imam (‘a)
Ibn Saad Meets the Imam
Ibn Saad’s letter to Ibn Ziyad
Ibn Saad’s Slander
Shimr Defeats Efforts of Peace
Ibn Ziyad Rejected Peaceful Negotiation
The Imam Meets Ibn Saad
Shimr offers Security to Brothers of His Eminence, Abbas
Embargo on Imam’s Entourage
Access to Euphrates cut off
Decadent Nature
1. Muhajir bin Aws
2. Amr bin Hajjaj
3. Abdullah bin Haseen
Objection to Ibn Saad
1. Yazid bin Haseen
2. Burair bin Khudhair
3. Hurr
Access to a Spring
Battle over water supply
Habib seeks help from his clan
With the two Encampments
Husain’s Camp
Noble Aims
1. Defense of Islam
2. In defense of Imam Husain (‘a)
3. Saving the community from oppression
4. Incomparable natures
A. Nobility and Self-respect
B. Valor and Steadfastness
Elements constituting the Imam’s Army
A. Bondsmen
B. Arabs
Umayyad Troops
1. Aimlessness
2. Confusion and Anxiety
3. Recklessness
Elements of the Army
1. Opportunists
2. Mercenaries
3. The Transmogrified
4. The Compelled Ones
5. Khawarij
 
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Immortal Tragedy 693
  Beginning of Hostilities
Battle delayed till the morning next
Imam (‘a) permitted his companions to go away
Reply of Ahle Bayt of Imam Husain (‘a)
Reply of Companions of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. Muslim bin Ausaja
2. Saeed bin Abdullah
3. Zuhair bin Qain
The Imam exposes the Deception of Kufians
With Muhammad bin Bashir
Firaas Makhzoomi Flees
The Imam did not allow martyrdom for Sinful persons
The Imam (‘a) speaks about his death
Precautionary steps
Night of worship
Imam’s Companions Overjoyed
Shimr ridicules the Imam (‘a)
Imam Husain’s Vision
Distress of Ladies of the Prophet’s Family
Imam applied Perfume and Anointed Himself
Day of Ashura
Supplication of the Imam
Firing up the Ditch
Clamor of the Beastly Enemies
1. Shimr bin Zil Jaushan
2. Muhammad bin Ashath
3. Abdullah bin Hawza
Both camps became fully prepared
Severe Objections
Imam’s Address
Zuhair’s Speech
Burair’s speech
Speech of Imam Husain (‘a)
Hurr’s Response
Hurr’s speech to the soldiers
Thirty mounted fighters join Imam’s Army
The Battle
 
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Martyrdom of the Companions 719
  General Attack
Number of Imam’s Men who were martyred
Single Combat
Inconclusive Attack
Burair’s Imprecation contest with Yazid
Burair’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Amr Ansari
Umayyad Army refuses one to one fight
Attack of Amr bin Hajjaj
Martyrdom of Muslim bin Ausaja
Shimr’s Attack
Martyrdom of Abdullah Kalbi
Urwah Asks for Help
Opening of Another front
Shimr tries to burn to death the Ladies of Revelation
Objection of Hamid bin Muslim
Condemnation of Shabth bin Rabi
Noon prayer time arrives
Martyrdom of Habib
Hurr’s Martyrdom
Fulfilling the Duty of Prayer
Zuhair’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Nafe bin Hilal
Abis and Shauzab
Martyrdom of Abis Shakiri
Zahhak flees
Jaun’s Martyrdom
Martyrdom of Hanzalah Shabami
Martyrdom of Hajjaj
Martyrdom of Amr bin Junada
Martyrdom of Anas Kahili
Martyrdom of Abul Shasa
Martyrdom of Two Jabiris
Martyrdom of Two Ghiffaris
Martyrdom of Two Ansaris
Martyrdom of Anees
Martyrdom of Qurra Ghiffari
Martyrdom of Yahya Mazini
The Imam (‘a) and his companions
Martyrdom of Abdullah Yazani
The Imam (‘a) Besides the martyrs
Martyrdom of Suwaid
 
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Martyrdom of the Purified Progeny (‘a) 744
  Ali Akbar (‘a)
Martyrdom of Aqil’s family
Abdullah bin Muslim
Ja’far bin Aqil
Abdur Rahman bin Aqil
Muhammad bin Aqil
Abdullah Akbar
Muhammad bin Abi Saeed bin Aqil
Muhammad bin Muslim
Ali bin Aqil
Sons of His Eminence, Hasan (‘a)
Abdullah bin Hasan
Qasim bin Hasan (‘a)
Hasan, Son of Imam Hasan (‘a)
Abdullah bin Hasan (‘a)
Sons of Abdullah bin Ja’far
1. Aun bin Abdullah
2. Muhammad bin Abdullah
3. Ubaidullah bin Ja’far
Brothers of His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
His Eminence, Abbas and his Brothers
Worthless statement
Martyrdom of Abdullah son of Amirul Momineen
Martyrdom of Ja’far
Martyrdom of Uthman
Martyrdom of His Eminence, Abbas (‘a)
Muhammad Asghar
Abu Bakr
Abbas Asghar
 
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Martyrdom of the Great Imam (‘a) 763
  The Imam Calls for Help
Martyrdom of the suckling infant
Steadfastness of the Holy Imam (‘a)
Attitude of those who were forced
Ibn Saad’s Fear
Imam (‘a) Reaches Water
Attack on the camp of Imam Husain (‘a)
The Last Sermon of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam (‘a) asks for worn-out clothes
Imam Husain’s (‘a) Farewell to his family
Imam (‘a) with Ibn Rubah
Imam’s Confidential Supplication
Attack on Imam Husain (‘a)
Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a) comes out
Horrible Tragedy
The wicked killer
1. Sinan bin Anas
2. Shimr bin Zil Jaushan
3. Umar bin Saad
4. Khooli bin Yazid Asbahi
5. Shabl bin Yazid Asbahi
6. Haseen bin Numair
7. A man from Madhij
8. Muhajir bin Aws
Imam’s age at Martyrdom and the year of his martyrdom
Reddening of the sky
Imam Husain's Horse
Burning of the Tents
Plundering the Imam’s body
Plundering the Noble Ladies of Prophethood
Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a) Attacked
Horses Trample on the body of the Great Imam (‘a)
Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a) at the corpse of Imam Husain (‘a)
Sinan Demands the Reward
Tribes divided the severed heads among themselves
Return of the Tyrant, Ibn Ziyad, to Kufa
Night of the 11th Mohurrum
Number of Martyrs of Ahle Bayt (‘a)
The injured among the companions of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. Suwaar bin Humair Jabiri
2. Amr bin Abdullah
3. Hasan bin Hasan
Those who were saved from death
1. Uqbah bin Samaan
2. Muraqqa bin Qumama
3. Muslim bin Rubah
4. His Eminence, Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
5. Hasan bin Hasan
6. Umar bin Hasan
7. Qasim bin Abdullah
8. Muhammad bin Aqil
9. Zain bin Hasan
Losses suffered by troops of Ibn Saad
Dream of Ibn Abbas
Dream of Umme Salma
Khooli Carries the severed Head of Imam Husain (‘a)
The Tyrant and Killer of the Imam (‘a)
Ibn Ziyad takes revenge from the Severed Head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Return of the Armed Forces
Distress of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Burial of the Purified Corpses
Excellence of the Ziarat of Imam Husain (‘a)
Supplication of Imam Sadiq for visitors of Imam Husain (‘a)
 
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Prisoners from Ahle Bayt (‘a) in Kufa 800
  Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Reaction to the Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Speech of Her Eminence, Fatima, daughter of Imam Husain (‘a)
Reaction to the speech of Her Eminence, Fatima (‘a)
Sermon of Her Eminence, Umme Kulthum
Sermon of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
In the Assembly of Ibn Ziyad
The Tyrant Ibn Ziyad with the Respected Lady of revelation
The Tyrant’s Encounter with Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Ibn Afif Revolts
Amnesty for Ibn Mauqal
Arrest of Jundab
Ibn Ziyad with Qais
Hacking up the Blessed head of Imam Husain (‘a)
Imam Husain’s Head taken around the Town
Imprisonment of the Ladies of Revelation
Abduction of His Eminence, Ali bin al-Husain (‘a)
Ibn Saad’s Regret
Ibn Ziyad asks Ibn Saad for the Letter
Ibn Ziyad condemned
1. Marjana
2. Uthman bin Ziyad
3. Mauqil bin Yasar
Objection on Ibn Saad
Widespread Discontent
Regret of People of Kufa
1. Baraa bin Azib
2. Musayyab bin Najba
3. Sulaiman bin Surd
4. Ubaidullah bin Hurr
 
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Migration from Kufa 821
  Prisoners from the Family of the Prophet in Damascus
Departure of the Heads
Departure of the Prophet’s Family
People of Kufa see off the Prisoners
Celebrations of Syria
The Syrian with Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Yazid’s Delight
The Imam’s head in the Presence of Yazid
Imam’s head taken to the Mosque
Imam’s head in the Presence of Yazid’s womenfolk
Hostages in Yazid’s Court
Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Main Points of the Discourse of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Yazid’s Reply
Reaction to the Sermon of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Sermon of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Reaction of the Sermon of Imam Sajjad (‘a)
The Syrian and Fatima
Imam Sajjad (‘a) and Minhal
Mourning for His Eminence, Husain (‘a)
Ibn Marjana Rewarded
Regret of the Oppressor, Yazid
Critics and Censurers
1. Roman Ambassador
2. A Jew scholar
3. Caesar, King of Rome
4. Raas al-Jaloot
5. Wathila bin Asqa
6. Ibn Abbas
7. Ibn Zubair
8. Abu Barza
9. Umayyad clan
10. Yazid’s son, Muawiyah
Idle talk and Nonsense
1. Ibn Taimiyyah
2. Ghazzali
3. Ibn Arabi
4. Ibn Hajar
5. Anis Zakaria
6. Dr. Najjar
7. Muhammad Izzat Duruza
Dr. Taha Husain’s view
Statement of Taftazani
Yafai’s view
Opinion of Ahmad bin Hanbal
Statement of Motazid Abbasi
 
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Towards Medina 851
  Yazid’s Apology to Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Ahle Bayt (‘a) Presented Compensations
Reply of Her Eminence, Umme Kulthum
Request of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Journey to Medina
News of Ahle Bayt’s Return to Medina Arrives
Ashdaq’s Speech
Hashemites Devastated
Mourning of Abdullah bin Ja’far
Ibn Abbas observes Mourning
Masoor and Ibn Zubair
Head of Imam Husain (‘a) in Medina
Return of the Hostages to Kerbala
To Medina
Bashir conveys the news of the Martyrdom of Imam Husain (‘a)
Discourse of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Rewarding the Escorts
Grief of Imam Zainul Abideen (‘a)
Hashemites Observe Mourning
Grief of Her Eminence, Zainab (‘a)
Mourning of Rabab
Sorrows of Ummul Baneen
Fate of the blessed head of Imam Husain (‘a)
1. In Kerbala
2. In Baqi
3. In Najaf
4. In Damascus
5. In Iran
6. In Egypt
 
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Effects of Imam Husain’s Revolution 866
  Victory of Islam
Defeat of the Umayyads
A. Their separation from Religious Authority
B. Their widespread Condemnation
C. Transfer of Caliphate from Umayyads
Bringing out the True Status of Ahle Bayt
Centralizing the Shiite Faith
Uniting the Shia People
Creating Social Awareness
Blooming of Talents
Pulpits of Exhortation and Guidance
Continuation of Revolution
1. Uprising of Abdullah bin Afif
2. Uprising of Medina
3. Uprising of the Penitents (Tawabbeen)
Resolutions of the Conference
Announcing of Revolt
In Kerbala
At Ainul Wurda
4. Uprising of Mukhtar
Anguish of the Killers
Widespread Destruction
The Revolution Continues
 
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Bibliography 879