30: The [East] Romans (Room)
This chapter was revealed after Splitting Open 84 and before the previous chapter on The Spider 29. It Consists of six sections with 60 verses in all; 59 are Meccan. while one, V. 17 dates from Madina. The term Ar-Rum refers to Europe in its imperialistic phase, even recently in North Africa.
A clear consciousness of history is displayed here, as it was in the previous chapter: the reference is to the current wars then being waged between the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire and the Persian Empire in the days of the Prophet.
The chapter also has some lyric passages on the glory of God (II) and His signs (III). Marriage is discussed and also differences in speech and race. Associates or partners must always be watched carefully we are warned (IV).