(118) وَ عَلَى الَّذينَ هادُوا حَرَّمْنا ما قَصَصْنا عَلَيْكَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَ ما ظَلَمْناهُمْ وَ لكِنْ كانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ
118. " And for those who were Jews, We prohibited what We have already related to you. And We did them no injustice, but they were unjust to themselves.
A question may be raised in here as to why, besides the above- mentioned four things, other forbidden things from animals were also prohibited for the Jewish nation ? This verse, dealing apparently with this issue, proclaims:
Here is allusion made to verse 146 of Sura Al- An'am which implies that Allah prohibited every nailed animal for the Jews (allusion is here made to those animals like horses which possess single all- spreading bars in their palm of their feet such as horse) , and Allah prohibited them from eating the fat of cows and sheep except all the fat which they carry on their back, or that which is found in- between their stomach intestines, their lateral sides or is mixed with their bones. Allah did that for the punishment of their cruel behavior and He is true. (1)
(1) This verse (146) in the Qur'an says: "And those who were Jews We forbade every (animal) having claws, and of oxen and sheep unto them the fat of both, save what is upon their backs or the entrails or what is mixed with bones. This (prohibition) We recompensed them for their rebellion, and verily we are truthful. "
In fact, such prohibitions, which are additional, are for the sake of punishing the Jews in exchange for their cruelties. Thus, He adds at the end of the verse saying:
There are two sorts of prohibitions in Islam: One is permanent and is for all people; the other one is temporary prohibitions which are concerned with a selected group, like the group from among the Jewish nation which were banned from using certain things for their role in committing oppression.
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