﴿64﴾ أَمَّن يَبْدَؤُا الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَمَن يَرْزُقُكُم مِنَ السَّمَآءِ وَالاَرْضِ أَءِلَهٌ مَّعَ اللَّهِ قُلْ هَاتُوا بُرْهَانَكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
64. “ Or, Who originates the creation, then reproduces it, and Who gives you sustenance from the heaven and the earth? Is there any god with Allah? Say: ‘Bring your proof if you are truthful’.”
From verse 60 of this Sura up to this verse, the holy phrase “Is there any god with Allah?” has been repeated for five times, which is for the purpose of nullification of paganism and negation of false gods.
From the viewpoint of the Qur’ān, no created phenomenon vanishes, but it is from the viewpoint of us that they disappear. Resurrection is not for returning some vanished things so that some people imagine that it is an impossible job. It is returning the creatures to their first form, after some changes that have occurred in their physical forms. In other words, the same power which created it at first, can return it again either. Thus, this verse speaks about ‘origin and end’, and comparing their objects of worship with Allah, says:
And He Who sustains you between this beginning and end, is Allah, it continues saying:
the earth? …”
Yet, do you believe that there is a god with Allah?
Tell them if they have such a creed, they should bring their proof if they are truthful. The verse says:
In fact all of the former verses were about the origin and the signs of the greatness of Allah in the world of existence as well as His merits and bounties, but in this verse the Qur’ān changes the discussion into a delicate passage unto the subject of Resurrection, because the initiation of creation is itself an evidence upon the end of it, and the ability of creation is counted as a clear reasoning for Resurrection.
By this explanation, the answer of the question of many commentators is made clear. They say those pagans, who are addressedbythese verses, often did not believe in Resurrection (resurrection of the body), in this case, how is it possible that we ask them and want them to confess?
The answer to this question is accompanied with a reason which makes the opposite party confess, because when they confess that the initiation of the creation belongs to Him, and it is He Who gives these sustenance and merits, it is enough that they accept that there is a possibility of returning to life again in the Hereafter.
By the way, the purpose of ‘the sustenance of the heaven’ is rain, sunlight, and the like; and the purpose of ‘The sustenance of the earth’ is the plants and different foodstuff which grow directly from the earth or originate indirectly from it, like cattle, mines, various things that man gets from it and enjoys them in his life.
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