have been narrated regarding the merits of recitation of the Chapter, but we suffice to quote only one tradition. According to a tradition narrated from the Messenger of Allah (SAW):"One who recites Sūrat al-Rahmān shall be granted Divine Graciousness upon his inability to give thanks to Allah for all His Blessings and shall be rewarded for his gratitude against Divine Blessings."
Generally speaking, the blessed Chapter treats of different material and spiritual Divine Blessings bestowed upon His servants encompassing them all such that the blessed Chapter may bear the designations "Divine Graciousness" or "Divine Blessings," as a consequence of which the blessed Chapter opens with one of the Most Beautiful Divine Names and Attributes, "the Most Gracious" (al-Rahmān) reflecting Divine encompassing Mercy and it closes with Divine Majesty and Glory.
 Tafsīr Nūr al-Thiqalayn; Tafsīr Sāfī; Tafsīr Burhān.
 Tafsīr Nūr al-Thiqalayn, vol. 5, p. 187.
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ
worthy of note that treating of the Divine Blessing of "teaching the Qur'an" is mentioned prior to the creation of man and teaching him, but the natural order would be to first make mention of the reverse order, namely creation of man, the Blessing of teaching man speech, and then teaching him the Holy Qur’an. However, the majesty and glory of the Glorious Qur’an necessitates the order in question. The other point is that the blessed Verse is a response to Arab polytheists who upon hearing the Noble Prophet (SAW) calling them to prostrate before the Most Gracious Allah asked: "What is Graciousness?" ("And when it is said unto them: 'Prostrate yourselves to the Most Gracious Allah!' They say: 'And what is the Most Gracious? Shall we fall down in prostration to that which you command us?' And it increases in them only aversion." 25:60). The Holy Qur’an is saying that the Most Gracious Allah is One Who taught the Qur’an, created man, and taught him speech. It is worthy of note that second to "Allah" the Divine Attribute "the Most Gracious" is the most encompassing concept from amongst the Most Beautiful Attributes and Names of Allah, since we know that God Almighty possesses two kinds of Graciousness, general and specific. The Attribute "the Most Gracious" reflects His All-Encompassing Graciousness. The Divine Attribute "the Most Merciful" (Rahīm) designates His specific Graciousness bestowed upon the faithful and the obedient. It is seemingly owing to this reason that the Attribute "the Most Gracious" is never applied to anyone other than God Almighty, unless it is accompanied by the word "servant" (‘abd), but "merciful" may be applied to others, since All-Encompassing Graciousness only belongs to God Almighty. In other words, specific mercy in its feeble form may be found among mankind and other creatures.
According to a tradition narrated from Imam Sādiq (AS), "the Most Gracious" (Rahmān) is All-Encompassing and is solely a Divine Attribute, but "merciful" (rahīm) is specific. In other words, the former is a specific name but is all-encompassing, namely, it is a Divine Attribute reflecting that His Mercy is All-Encompassing. But, "merciful" is a general name with specific application, namely it may be applied to anyone, but "merciful" is general name with specific application, i.e., it is applied to God Almighty and His Creatures. Likewise, the Noble Prophet (SAW) is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an as "kind and merciful" (ra’ūf al-rahīm, 9:128), but they designate limited and specific mercy.
Qur’an exegetes are not unanimous regarding the issue as to who received the teaching of the Holy Qur’an. Some maintain that Gabriel, angels, the Noble Prophet (SAW), and all mankind and even jinn received it. Since the blessed Chapter in question treats of Divine Blessings bestowed upon jinn and mankind, and the question "Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both [jinn and men] deny?" is attested thirty one times following an enumeration of Divine Blessings, the last interpretation sounds to be more appropriate, namely God Almighty taught jinn and mankind the Holy Qur’an through His Messenger, the Noble Prophet of Islam (SAW).