The Educational System
in Islam

(آئین تربیت در اسلام)
 


Qarashi, Baqir Sharif

The Educational System in islam/ by Baqir sharif al-Qarashi; translated by Badr Shahin.- QomAnsariyan Publications, 2000 = 1379.

212p.
Title in arabic النظام التربوی فی الاسلام
ISBN 964-438-176-9
1.
Education - Islam.          I.Shahin, Badr- - translator.

II. Title.
297.4832                                                                                        BP230/17

 

Name of BookThe Educational System in Islam
AuthorBaqir Sharif al-Qarashi
TranslatorBadr Shahin
PublisherAnsariyan Publications- Qum
First Edition 2000 - 1379
PrinterSadr
Quantity: 2000
ISBN 964-438-176-9
Size: C5
Number of pages: 224
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AND RECORDED FOR THE PUBLISHER

ANSARIYAN PUBLICATIONS
22, Shohada St.,
P.O. Box 187 – Qum
Islamic Republic Of Iran
Tel00 98 251 741744 Fax742647
Emailansarian@noornet.net & Int_ansarian@yahoo.com
www.ansariyan.org & www.ansariyan.net


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

DEDICATION x
INTRODUCTION 1
  Creating new courses of studying
The Missionary Campaigns
Christian Schools
Clinical Employment
7
9
10
11
MEANINGS AND GOALS OF EDUCATION 17
  Lexical Meaning
Terminological Meaning
The Educational Purport of the Term
The Necessity of Education
The Educational Goals
Spiritual Goals
Material Goals
Social Goals
Individual Development
More Goals
Teaching and Education
Philosophy and Education
Psychology and Education
The Educational Development
Policy and Education
FACTORS OF EDUCATION
Heredity
Definition of Heredity
Scientific analysis
Laws of Heredity
1. Heredity by partiality
2. Heredity by coalition
3. Heredity by association
Heredity and Environment
Islam and Laws of Heredity
FAMILY
The Significance of Families
Duties of Families
Functions of Families
Family in Islam
Significance of Home
THE COMMON COURSES
Love and Affiliation
Cooperation
Mutual Respect
FAMILY DISORDER
FATHERS’ RESPONSIBILITIES
1. Custody of Sons
2. Equality
3. Cordiality
4. Avoidance of Obscene Language
5. Supervising the Sons’ Behaviors
6. Disciplining
7. Taking the children away from the sexual activities
8. Taking the children away from the ill-gotten food
Mothers’ Responsibilities
Mothers’ duties
Sons’ duties
MODERN FAMILY
Women’s Conceding Education
DIMINUTION OF MATRIMONIAL PROPORTIONS
Sexual deviation
Sons’ impiety
DISINTEGRATION AND LOOSENESS
School
Prominence of schools
Teaching
Goals of teaching
Development of the Cognizance
Publicity of the Educational Conscience
Identification of the Social Problems
DUTIES OF TEACHERS
Qualifications of teachers
Teachers’ Responsibilities
Concernment of the Teaching Staff
Concernment of the Students
FAILURE OF TEACHING
Negligence of the Moralities
Negligence of the Good Manners
Absolute Teaching
Coeducation
Contrast of Teaching
ENVIRONMENT
Signification of Environment
The Environmental Responsibilities
The Environmental Settlement
Categories of Environment
OneThe Natural Environment
TwoThe Social Environment
The Environment in Islam
The Environment in the Present Ages
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18
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THE CULTURAL PLANNING IN THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES 71
  THE TEACHING COURSES IN THE WEST
The expelling of Moralities
THE TEACHING SYSTEMS IN THE COLONIES
THE COMPREHENSIVE DEVASTATION
Exclusion of Islam
Imposing the Imperialists’ Language
Debilitation of the Arabic
THE COMMUNIST TEACHING COURSES
Study of the Constitution
Atheistic Tendency
Mathematics
History
Literature
Textbooks
71
72
73
74
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76
77
78
78
79
82
83
85
85
THE CULTURAL PLANNING IN THE PROGRAMS OF THE ISLAMIC EDUCATION 87
  MERITS OF KNOWLEDGE
Knowledge in the Quran
Knowledge in Hadith
TRANSMITTED SAYINGS
THE GRAND GOALS
THE OBLIGATION OF TEACHING
Compulsory Teaching
Stipend of Teaching
Age of Teaching
Categories of Sciences
THE BANNED SCIENCES
Sorcery
Astronomy
Teaching Women
Status of Teachers
Teachers are exemplars
Teachers’ Rights
Teachers’ Qualities and Responsibilities
TEACHING METHODS
Forsaking Tension
Physical Discipline
Suggestive Rebuke
THE LEARNERS’ MANNERS
PROSPERITY OF THE SCIENTIFIC LIFE
CENTERS OF THE ISLAMIC CULTURE
EMIGRATION FOR KNOWLEDGE
Specialization
Freedom of Study
Recording and Compilation
Fading of Teaching
ISLAMIC MENTAL AND SPECULATIVE EDUCATION
Speculative education
Thinking in the Universal System
Pondering over the Creation of Man
Pondering over the creatures
Reflecting manners of the past nations
Result of the pious
Consequence of the tyrants
Releasing the intellects from imitation
Verification of matters
Opting for the best
MENTAL EDUCATION
Conscientious Guidance
MENTAL VIRTUES
CHASTITY
Means of developing chastity
WILLPOWER
Lack of willpower
Maturity of willpower
Free will
COURAGE
Aspects of courage
Ethical courage
ENDURANCE
Categories of endurance
COMPOSURE
MODESTY
PARDON AND CONDONATION
CHARITY
GENEROSITY
ALTRUISM
COLLABORATION
SINCERITY
In the Quran
In the prophetic traditions
Necessity of sincerity
Categories of sincerity
Honesty
Keeping the covenant
GOOD WORDING
THE EVIL TENDENCIES
RAGE
Definition of rage
Reasons of rage
Disadvantages of rage
Warning against rage
Precautionary methods
FEAR
Reasons of fear
Fear of death
Fear for subsistence
Fear of the coming
The factual incentives of fear
God-fearing
Fear of disobedience
Fear of the Resurrection Day
ENVY
Reality of envy
Warning against envy
Incentives of envy
Misfortunes of envy
Treatment of envy
AVIDITY
PARSIMONY
Reality of parsimony
Warning against parsimony
Protection against parsimony
MALICE
Protection against malice
ARROGANCE
Blights of arrogance
Types of arrogance
Protection against arrogance
OSTENTATION
Incentives of ostentation
Ostentation invalidates worship
Treatment of ostentation
CONCEIT
Reality of conceit
Warning against conceit
Protection against conceit
MENDACITY
Censure of mendacity
Reasons of mendacity
Sorts of mendacity
Warrants of mendacity
Protection against mendacity
BACKBITING
Reality of backbiting
Illegality of backbiting
Incentives of backbiting
Penance of backbiting
Protection against backbiting
TATTLING
Reality of Tattling
Censure of tattling
Incentives of tattling
Protection against tattling
MOCKERY AND SARCASM
SCHADENFREUDE
GARRULITY
88
88
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89
89
91
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96
97
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132
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162
162
162
162
163
163
163
164
164
164
164
165
165
165
165
THE PHYSICAL AND MORTAL EDUCATION IN ISLAM 167
  CLEANNESS
Bathing
Ablution
Brushing the teeth
Using the toilet
Cleanness of dresses
Hairdressing and nail clipping
NUTRIENT COURSES
Moderation of food
Food mastication
Coldness of food
Forbidden food
The dead animal
Blood
Pork
The strangled
The beaten to death
The killed by a fall
The smitten
The devoured
INTOXICANTS
Prohibition of intoxicants
The terrible damages of intoxicants
Damages on birth
Damages on blood and heart
Damages on liver and kidney
Effects on the stomach
Means of controlling the intoxicants
SEXUAL DEVIATION
Fornication
Damages of fornication
Syphilitic diseases
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
Chancroid
The strict punishment
SODOMY
MASTURBATION
Protective methods
PROHIBITION OF COPULATING WITH THE MENSTRUOUS
RELAXATION
ATHLETIC EDUCATION
Racing
Archery
Hunting
PHYSICAL BENEFITS OF WORSHIP
Prayer
Fasting
Pilgrimage
169
169
170
170
171
171
171
172
172
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180
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182
182
182
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184
NATIONAL AND MILITARY EDUCATION 185
  NATIONAL AND SOCIAL EDUCATION
Social unity
MEANS OF SOCIAL UNITY
Reciprocal kindness and sympathy
Visiting
Settling people’s needs
Aid and condolence
Rights of the Islamic fraternity
FACTORS OF DISCREPANCY AND DESTRUCTION
Alienation
Inconsistency
Injury and disgracing
Terrorism and chaos
Revilement
Inspecting people’s flaws
Belittling
Pride
CRYSTALLIZATION OF THE POLITICAL CONSCIENCE
NATIONAL OBLIGATIONS
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL EDUCATION
MILITARY EDUCATION
Perseverance in wars
Faith and self-denial
Asceticism
Caution against the foes
EDUCATION OF POLICE
Good manners
Courage and bravery
Helping people
Good conduct
Politeness in answering
Justice and equity
People’s confidence
Decency
Sincerity
Fulfillment of obligations
Adhering to the religion
Implementation of duties
God-fearing
Remuneration
185
185
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186
186
187
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202
THE EDUCATION IN WORK FIELDS 203
  Fidelity and sincerity
Avoiding cheating
Fulfillment of missions
Keeping the production means
Development of wealth resources
Professional specialization
Activity and firmness
Evasion of the ill-gotten
Last word
203
203
203
204
204
204
204
205
205
REFERENCES 207